Amantadine is a drug prescribed to control movement problems in certain conditions. It increases the amount of dopamine in the blood hence, controls movements. The class of drugs which it belongs to is known as adamantine.
The drug amantadine is used as a treatment option for controlling involuntary muscular movements in the patients of Parkinson’s disease. Previously, it was used to treat type A influenza, but now it is only prescribed for curing movement disorders.
The reason behind its ban as a medication for type a influenza is a widespread drug rejection in populations.
How to use it?
Amantadine is an oral drug that comes in tablets, capsules as well as syrup form. The capsules are extended release and the patient should not chew or break them. Doing this can lead the medicine to lose its effectiveness.
In case of difficulty in swallowing the capsule, sprinkle its contents on a soft and take it.
The medicine is prescribed once or twice a day depending on the condition of the patient and one should take it at the same time of the day.
Your doctor will gradually increase the dose starting with a low dose.
Amantadine can cause stiffness of muscles and psychotic indicators in case the patient stops taking it abruptly, so stop using it gradually as per the instructions of your doctor.
The dosage depends on the condition for which Amantadine is prescribed and the age and weight of the patient.
For Parkinson’s disease
The adult daily dosage for Parkinson’s disease is 200 mg tablet or syrup per day. The dose may be split in two doses of 100 mg twice a day or a single dose of 200 mg.
For the syrup, the adult daily dosage is 4 teaspoonfuls that can be split into two doses per day.
For Influenza type A
The dosage for influenza types a ranges between 100-200 mg per day.
4.4 mg per kg per day and should not exceed a total amount of 150 mg per day
200 mg medicine split in 100 mg tablets twice a day or two teaspoonfuls of syrup twice a day.
The benefits may outweigh the side effects of the drug however; there are side effects to every medicine so as Amantadine. These side effects include:
- Loss of appetite
- Blurred vision
The drug may have effects on the central nervous system and the patient may have issues with balance, so in case of a therapy with Amantadine alcohol is strictly prohibited.
The use of alcohol may worsen the instability of the patient, causing them to fall.
While on the medicine, avoid lifting heavy objects or driving due to the same reason as stated above.
The medicine can cause behavioral changes such as impulsiveness with food or other activities and it can also alter one’s libido to suddenly increased sexual desire. Another complication of the drug can occur that is called neuroleptic malignant syndrome in case it doesn’t suit the patient.