Amlodipine belongs to a class of drugs known as calcium channel blockers. These medicines are prescribed to treat hypertension. The mechanism of controlling blood pressure involves relaxation of the blood vessels so that the blood can flow easily through them.

Uses

Amlodipine is prescribed to hypertensive patients to prevent them against cardiac conditions such as heart attack, stroke or angina. It can be used as a preventive drug against angina however; it should not be taken as a primary drug in case of an angina attack.


It can be prescribed as a single drug to control high blood pressure that can prevent patients against heart problems or as a part of a cardiovascular activity management song with other medicines.

For controlling blood pressure, amlodipine can be more effective if taken with regular exercise, diabetes management and cholesterol management of the patient.

How to use Amlodipine?

The medicine comes in tablet and syrup form. It is taken once a day with proper dosage management from the medical practitioner. A point to remember while taking Amlodipine is to take it at the same time of the day.

It should be used in the same quantities as prescribed by the doctor. Overdosing or under dosing can have side effects.

Dosage

The dosage depends on the condition for which the medicine is prescribed.

For Hypertension

The usual adult dosage for controlling blood pressure ranges from 5 mg taken orally.

Your doctor may increase the dose after a week or two to 7.5 mg per day orally.
The maximum dosage is 10 mg per day.

For Angina and CAD

For angina and coronary artery disease that is established through angiography, the adult dosage is 5-10 mg per day.

For People with Liver problems

The regular dosage to cure blood pressure of the patients who also have liver problems, the usual dosage is less than the normal dosage. It should be started with 2.5 mg per day orally.

Side Effects

It is important to note that your doctor has prescribed the medicine because he sees more benefits than its side effects for you. However, like every other drug, this drug can also have various side effects such as:

  • Swelling
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Weakness
  • Chest pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Palpitations
  • Flushing
  • Abdominal pain

Precautions

  • There is a risk of worsening chest pain or even a heart attack to critical cardiac patients who use Amlodipine so, if you feel any discomfort such as sharp chest pain, nausea, cramps at the back side of the neck or jaw, immediately seek medical help
  • It can cause the patient to become hypotensive (low blood pressure) if there’s too heavy activity after taking the medication.
  • So, patients who are on a hypertension management therapy should be cautious with their exercise regimes.
  • In case of a serious abdominal pain or chest pain, seek a doctor immediately.
  • Do not discontinue the drug abruptly without consulting your doctor to avoid the condition from worsening.