Lack of red blood cells in blood is called anemia. Red blood as we know carries oxygen from lungs to the rest of the body’s tissues.

Blood cells are an essential component of the body and the human body can’t sustain without these cells. Value of red blood cells can be counted or observed through the fact that they form 40% of the blood amount in the body.

Deficiency of red blood cells in the body can cause serious side effects and symptoms or causes may vary from person to person.

In this article we will see what this particular condition is called in medical settings and what are consequences or results of loss of red blood cells.

Before moving on let’s here throw light on different points which we are going to discuss in this article.

THINGS TO BE DISCUSSED:

  1. WHAT IS ANEMIA?
  2. TYPES OF ANEMIA
  3. SYMPTOMS
  4. CAUSES
  5. SIDE EFFECTS
  6. TREATMENT

What is anemia?

Deficiency of red blood cells in blood that carry oxygen to body tissues via lungs is called anemia. The condition signals that your blood lacks an adequate amount of hemoglobin levels.

Hemoglobin is an important part or component of red blood cells that performs a special function of supplying oxygen to different body parts. The condition is also called RBC (red blood cells) counts low. Human body in this case has to work harder to deliver oxygen through the body.

Types of anemia:

People of all ages can have anemia or it may affect any one relating to all ages. Various types of anemia are there but here we will discuss common or most occurring types in which most common is iron deficiency anemia.

Common types of anemia are mentioned below:

  1. Iron-deficiency anemia (Inadequate iron in body).
  2.  Aplastic anemia (A condition due to which body stops producing new blood cells).
  3.  Hemo-lytic anemia (Hemo-lytic anemia occurs when speed of destruction of red blood cells is faster when compared to production of new red cells).
  4.  Pernicious anemia (Body needs sufficient amount of vitamin B-12 to make or produce red cells. Lack of vitamin B-12 causes pernicious anemia).

Symptoms:

Symptoms of anemia may vary from person to person as various causes carry different symptoms.

However prominent symptoms of anemia are as follows:

  • Cold feet and hands
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Chest pain
  • Trouble breathing
  • Lightheadedness
  • Drowsiness
  • Pale skin
  • Irregular heartbeat

Symptoms may get worse as the disease or condition progresses.

Causes:

Dominant causes of anemia are as follows:

  • Lack of vitamin B-12.
  • Deficiency of iron in the body.
  • When the body stops producing new blood cells.
  • When destruction of red cells is faster than production or development of new cells.

Side effects of anemia:

Red blood cells play an important part in proper body functioning as one can’t survive without oxygen. Lack of blood cells in body may leave negative side effects on one’s health:

  • Insufficient oxygen in the body.
  • Severe fatigue
  • Heart problems
  • Premature death
  • Weakness
  • Headache etc.

Treatment:

Treatment may be different for different patients depending on causes or reasons. Sometimes anemia goes away just by taking an iron supplement or adjusting diet. Your doctor most probably is the best person to recommend you the perfect treatment if you have anemia after observing your medical condition.