Apixaban is an anticoagulant that is prescribed to patients who are at a risk of blood clotting, and thus a stroke. In general terms, it is a blood thinner. It prevents heart attack and heart failure.
Apixaban is used to treat and prevent blood clots. The treatment of blood clots such as the ones that can be fatal such as deep vein thrombosis that occurs in the leg and can travel to the lungs where it can cause pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism can prove to be fatal in most of the cases.
This blood thinner is usually prescribed to people who have an irregularity in the rhythm of their heartbeat (known as arrhythmia). Arrhythmia starts with occasional disturbance in the heart beating rhythm, but it can cause complications such as stroke, heart failure, and in some cases sudden cardiac arrest.
Additionally, it is prescribed after a knee replacement or a hip replacement surgery. The patients who have gone through these surgeries are at high risk of thrombosis.
It is a prescription medicine which is only prescribed to people who are at risk of thrombosis.
Apixaban comes in tablet form with potency of 2.5 mg and 5 mg.
The usual adult dosage is 2 tablets per day usually split for twice a day.
Apixaban can be taken with or without food.
An important thing to keep in mind while taking Apixaban is to take it on the same interval as the doctor has prescribed.
The medicine is used in combination with other anticoagulants but the therapy requires switching between Apixaban and other medicines such as Warfarin.
Other dosage consideration includes the creatinine level of the patient, age of the patient, and weight.
All these parameters are decided by the doctor who prescribes the medicine.
Apixaban is usually suitable for adults over 18 years of age.
Since Apixaban is a blood thinner it can lead to problems such as quick bleeding and bruising. Another side effect of the medicine is prolonged bleeding. Severe side effects can include:
- Irregular or heavy periods in women
- Occasional nose and gum bleeds
- Bleeding in the urine or discoloration of the urine
- Tarry stool
- Coughing up blood clots
- Swelling of the face and tongue
- Nausea or vomiting
All these side effects need immediate medical attention.
Never take Apixaban without discussing it with your doctor. It can cause serious side effects in case of an allergic reaction. If you’re allergic to the medicine, it is essential to let your doctor know about it.
The medicine can be prescribed to patients with hepatic dysfunction of any kind, but is not suitable for chronic liver problems, so it is important to let your doctor know about the medicines you are already taking to avoid any kind of adverse interactions. Since this medicine is a blood thinner, avoid using sharp objects while using the medicine or take preventive measures against injuries because this medicine can cause excessive blood loss.