Have you ever felt burning pain or heartburn? Well obviously almost every one of us feel it at times and we often relate it with our stomach. But is it due to abnormal stomach or stomach disorder that we feel heartburn or some other reason is there behind it? What this condition actually is and what is it called in medical settings? These are the things that we are going to discuss here in this article.

  • WHAT IS ACID REFLUX AND HOW IT OCCURS?
  • SYMPTOMS
  • TYPES OF ACID REFLUX (GERD)
  • TREATMENT

WHAT IS ACID REFLUX?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or acid reflux is a condition when one feels burning pain or more accurate word for this burning situation is heartburn that usually occurs in the lower chest area. The disease GERD is diagnosed when this burning condition occurs twice or more than twice a week.

HOW ACID REFLUX OCCURS?

Patients usually suffer this pain because of an unhealthy diet. This is probably the reason that it becomes worse after eating. Digestive system is a complicated system so the digestive process is. When we eat or chew food it moves in the esophagus and lastly in the stomach.

Several enzymes, mucus coating and hydrochloric acid maintain and protect the lining in our stomach. When our sphincter muscle relaxes at a bad time and allows acid to go up back into the esophagus it causes acid reflux or heartburn.

Frequent or constant heartburn and burning pain can lead one to GERD. Most people manage to avoid or live with this problem because they think it’s a mild health issue and they don’t need to see a doctor for it. But when this issue gets worse they may need stronger medication or even surgeries to lessen the severe symptoms.

Symptoms:

Burning pain or heartburn is the basic or most prominent symptom of acid reflux and when this health issue gets severe it may cause following symptoms:

  • Burning pain or heartburn
  • Chest pain
  • Swallowing problem
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Asthma
  • Lump sensation in throat etc.

STAGES OF ACID REFLUX:

Acid reflux can be categorized in 4 stages:

1-Mild GERD: First stage of this disease carries mild symptoms and in this case patients only experience heartburn once a twice a month.

2-Moderate GERD: In this stage the patient experiences more frequent symptoms that disturb his/her daily routine activities. One needs to see a doctor when one has moderate GERD symptoms.

3-Severe GERD: Stage three is a severe or fatal stage in actuality as it affects the quality of your life. Severe GERD occurs when one goes through uncontrollable acid flux symptoms. An expert health care provider is highly recommended for the patients facing or experiencing third stage GERD symptoms.

4-Esophageal Cancer: Several years untreated severe GERD results in esophageal cancer. This stage may lead the patient to cancer when untreated.

WHEN DO YOU NEED TO SEE A DOCTOR?

Patients experiencing acid flux symptoms twice a week should call up a special or professional health care taker who may help them in dealing with the problem. If you too are suffering from heartburn or regular burning pain? Seek medical help to improve the quality of your life and enjoy the best of your health.