Cancer is regarded as one of the most dangerous diseases ever to come across in human history and it can simply be defined as Overgrowth of cells.

There are different kinds of cancers and we are going to discuss Bladder Cancer in this article.

How does it start?

When the cells that make up our Urinary bladder start to grow in an irregular manner and there is no proportion of their growth then it is the start of Bladder Cancer.

With the passage of time this can prove very dangerous because as the cell keeps on growing, they can turn themselves into a Tumor and then spread to other parts of the body as well. This can be regarded as the final Nail in the coffin as it becomes almost impossible to recover from that state of health.

What is Bladder?

Human bladder is a hollow organ in the lower pelvis and it is included in the excretory system of human anatomy.

Function of Bladder

The main function of the bladder is to work as a sac that stores urine in it and the walls of the bladder that are flexible and muscular contract themselves when urine is passed out via Urethra.

So, we can surely now understand the importance of the bladder in the human body.

Different Types of Bladder Cancer

  • Urothelial Carcinoma

It is almost a surety that if someone is suffering from bladder cancer, then it just has to be this kind of cancer.

It is the most widely spread form of Bladder cancer.

It is evident from the name of this cancer that it starts from the urothelial cells of the bladder but the tumors can even develop at several different places of the bladder.

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma

If we have to make a rough estimate then from about One thousand patients of Bladder cancer, only one or two will be suffering from this type of bladder cancer. It is for sure one of the rarest types to be found in human beings.

  • Small Cell Carcinoma

This type of cancer is perhaps the rarest kind of bladder cancer and it is once in a blue moon that a patient with such type of bladder cancer is reported. However, although there aren’t many patients reported, it is still a very dangerous disease and immediate chemotherapy is required for its treatment because it is one of the fastest growing cancers.

Treatment of Bladder Cancer

Depending upon the advice of the doctor, Treatment can basically consist of two things.

  1. Drugs
  2. Chemotherapy

If the cancer is not spreading very quickly and it has been diagnosed quite early then it can be controlled by using certain medicine that can stem the growth of cancerous cells.

However, if the growth is getting out of control with the cells growing rapidly then chemotherapy is a must and it is one of the most expensive and dangerous forms of treatment as well which can have its own complications.

So, we should try our level best to avoid triggers for bladder cancer if we want to live a healthy life.

Cancer usually develops when the body’s natural growth function or mechanism stops working in a normal way. In other words normal growth of cells is obstructed. Old cells instead of dying start growing abnormally and produce new abnormal cells.

A number of cancer forms are there which are usually curable too such as breast cancer, prostate cancer, testicular cancer etc. but there are others forms as well which are fatal and life threatening.

In this particular article we are going to throw light on basic information about brain cancer. Brain cancer is one of the deadliest cancers and the rate of survival of the victims is too low in most cases.

What is brain cancer?

When cancer starts somewhere else in the body and spreads in the brain it causes brain cancer. Brain cancer also known as brain tumors results from cancer in some other body parts.

When normal cell growth is stopped, old cells grow at a high increased level which finally appear in the form of massive abnormal and unhealthy cells. These abnormal cells form tumors.

How brain cancer affects central nervous system?

It usually depends on the complexity and place of the tumor or cancer in the brain and how it affects your central nervous system.

If a brain tumor begins in the brain originally it is called primary brain tumor. When cancer begins in other body parts and spreads in the brain it is termed as secondary brain tumor.

Types of brain cancer:

When it comes to the National Brain Tumor Society there are several types of brain cancer, maybe 200 or more.

Basically brain tumors begin developing in the brain and most of them are fast growing. There are many other kinds too which may be benign. Most of the brain tumors are cancerous and they may damage brain tissues badly which decreases the quality of your life.

Following are some common types of brain cancer:

  • Astrocytomas (the most common type of brain cancer that develops anywhere in the brain or maybe in the spinal cord).
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (another common brain cancer that is aggressive and fast growing. It may appear on lobe but mostly it develops in temporal lobes).
  • Meningioma (this form appears in cell membranes that invade the brain and spinal cord. It’s usually curable or removable through surgery).

Symptoms:

Symptoms usually depend on which part of the brain tumor or cancer is. When cancer or tumor is near the optic nerve system, sight or vision problems may appear.

Cancer or tumor in front of the brain causes lack of concentration. Cancer located in any other part of brain may cause:

  • Fatigue
  • Numbness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Lack of concentration
  • Decreased mobility
  • Paralyzed body or some part of body.
  • Memory loss

Common or early symptoms/signs may include:

  • Severe headache
  • Seizures
  • Infertility
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle ache/weak muscles

Treatment:

Treatment for brain cancer is available however risk factor is always there. Brain cancer can be treated through:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Surgery is usually opted when cancer or tumor can be easily removed and if cancer is visible even after surgery radiation therapy is used to remove remaining cancer/tumor. Chemotherapy is mostly followed by chemotherapy.

Cancer is a class of diseases that is caused due to the abnormal growth of cells in certain body parts. It spreads in other parts of the body as well.

In cancer the normal growth of cells is disturbed and old or rest of the cells don’t disappear or die they instead start growing abnormally. Abnormal cells cause tumors.

There are several forms of cancer such as brain cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer and breast cancer etc. but here in this article we will discuss breast cancer in particular.

This article will give you some basic information about different aspects, causes and symptoms of breast cancer and you will certainly get the answers of some questions that you have in your mind.

Following are the aspects that we are going to discuss here in this article:

  • What is breast cancer?
  • Types of breast cancer
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Safety precautions

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women after lung cancer. A number of women fell prey to death due to breast cancer even after the treatment for this form of cancer was invented.

However the chances of survival have improved in breast cancer treatment if compared to the past. In some cases breast cancer can also affect men but here our concern is breast cancer in women.

Types of breast cancer:

There are several kinds or forms of breast cancer but the most common which may include:

  • Ductal Carcinoma In Situ(DCIS)
  • Invasive Ductal Carcinoma(IDC)
  • Lobular Carcinoma In Situ(LCIS)
  • Invasive Lobular Cancer(ILC)

1-Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: This form or type of breast cancer is the early stage and easily or highly curable because abnormal cells are found in the lining of the breast milk duct or in original place and not spread in other body parts.

If DCIS is left untreated it may get severe and complicated and abnormal cells may start invading the whole body. So, treatment of DCIS in the very beginning is highly recommended.

2-Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: IDC is the stage where abnormal cells in the duct start invading other body parts. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma can also be found in men.

3-Lobular Carcinoma In Situ: Lobular Carcinoma In Situ is another form of breast cancer where cancer or unusual cells remain in their original place called lobules and don’t spread to other body parts.

It’s a mild and easily treatable form. LCIS rarely turns into Invasive Lobular form.

4-Invasive Lobular Cancer: In Invasive Lobular Cancer abnormal cells in lobules spread in other normal tissues and affect other body parts as well.

There are many other types of breast cancer too which we don’t need to discuss here as we have already discussed common breast cancer types.

Causes of breast cancer:

Breast cancer usually starts in breast milk ducts. It may also begin in lobules. Breast cancer is basically caused due to genetic makeup interaction and many other environmental factors.

Symptoms:

  • Sudden increase in breast size
  • Change in breast shape
  • Newly upturned nipple
  • Redness around breast

Safety precautions:

  1. Follow a healthy diet.
  2. Maintain normal weight.
  3. Be familiar with how to examine breasts.
  4. Don’t drink alcohol to avoid the risk of breast cancer.

Cancer is one of the severest diseases and there is no cure for it but many treatments are given to cancer patients that may help in curing them but the results are not always satisfactory. Many patients suffering from cancer die even after treatment and a number of treated ones die because of some other cause.

A number of therapies are being tried as a treatment against cancer and researchers are still in a constant struggle to find out the best possible cure for this deadly disease.

Well this article will throw light on different aspects of this fatal disease like how one catches cancer, what are different types of cancer and which measures can prove helpful against it.

CANCER AND ITS CAUSES:

Cancer is the name of a collection of diseases or health issues which may include abnormal cell growth that spreads in the body or benign tumors that don’t spread. According to a recent research cancer is causing almost 8.8 million deaths every year across the world.

A great cause of cancer is the use of tobacco and there are so many other causes too such as poor diet, lack of physical activities, overweight and excessive use of drinking or alcohol.

There are certain diseases which get worse and later cause cancer. Those diseases may involve hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV and Epstein-Barr virus. Moreover genetic defects can also cause cancer.

SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms of cancer may involve:

  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Unexplained pain
  • Lumps in different body parts
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Long lasting cough
  • Skin problems
  • Unending fatigue
  • Sores or wounds that won’t heal.
  • Heavy night sweats
  • Hoarseness
  • Breathing troubles
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Joint pain
  • Muscles ache
  • Changes in bladder habits

TREATMENTS FOR CANCER:

There is no proper cure or medication for cancer but there are a number of treatments that are being tried on cancer patients in their recovery against this deadly disease. Some people only go through one treatment and mostly patients have a combination of treatments. Let’s here list out basic cancer treatments:

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Chemotherapy

Surgery: Basic purpose of surgery is to remove cancer. It may remove cancer completely or kill all cancer cells from the body. In a particular stage it’s not possible to remove cancer completely so surgery removes cancer slowly as much as possible.

Radiation therapy: The use of high powerful energy beams to kill cancer is called radiation therapy. In this process cancer may be removed or killed through a machine placed outside the body or it also can be placed inside the body.

Chemotherapy: The use of medication or drugs to kill or remove cancer is called chemotherapy. In this process, fast growing cells in the body are killed and as a result the growth of cancer cells becomes slow. This treatment may carry side effects like burning, headaches and stomach pain.

Precautionary measures:

  1. Risk of cancer can be reduced by quitting smoking.
  2. Don’t drink too much alcohol to avoid risk of this deadly disease.
  3. Maintain healthy weight.
  4. Eat a healthy diet like plenty of vegetables, grains and fruits.
  5. Get diagnosed against certain infectious diseases.
  6. Avoid exposure to sunlight.