Modern era is all about dealing with a lot of stress and tension at all times. Life is surely running at the speed of a formula one race car because everyone wants to be the best and surpass the rest who are running the race.

Due to the extra efforts put in by the people, it is now a fact that a lot of people now suffer from Migraine.

There are certain reasons due to which migraine is caused.

1- Stress.

2- Bad Eating Habits

3- Insomnia

These are few of the reasons for Migraine.

However, until 2018, Migraine was an Enigma. Everyone was just so nervous about having this disease because there wasn’t any proper medication of migraine till 2018 and the ones that were recommended at that time had serious repercussions.

However, in 2018 FDA approved Aimovig which worked as a messiah for all the patients of migraine.

HOW IT IS USED

Along with Aimovig comes an Auto Injector that is used to inject your body with the drug. Aimovig can be used for all types of migraines, even the chronic one.

It belongs to the Calcitonin Gene related Peptide (CGRP) group of medicine and researches have shown that the people who have used Aimovig as a cure for migraine show much better results than the people using other medications.

In some cases this difference was more than 50%.

Dosage:

The dosage of Aimovig is measured in a time period of a month. It might be recommended to use 70 Mg to 140 Mg depending upon the condition of the patient and clinical experience of the doctor regarding Migraine.

The Dosage should always be left to the doctor to decide and one should never be one’s own doctor and follow the instructions of the doctor at all costs no matter what.

Side Effects:

There are some side effects of Aimovig that must be discussed and can be avoided too with care.

The side effects are generally in a mild nature but sometimes things can get a bit out of hand as well and become very much tough for the patient.

Some of the side effects that can be caused are as under.

  1. Redness of the area that is injected.
  2. Skin Allergy.
  3. It can even cause you to gain or lose weight.
  4. It can even cause Constipation.
  5. Loss of appetite can be caused as well.

These are some of the side effects that can be caused by Aimovig.

Precautionary Measures To Take:

  1. Never use this medicine without the prescription of a registered medical practitioner.
  2. Never overdose yourself.
  3. Always look for the guidelines that are present on the packing of Aimovig.
  4. Always check the expiry date.
  5. Do not use it along with other medicines of migraine as well. It can cause serious incompatibility.

Azelastine is a drug that comes in the form of nasal spray or eye drops to treat conditions such as allergy. It belongs to the class of drugs known as antihistamines.
Antihistamines are usually effective against allergies and runny nose.

This article will specifically cover the nasal spray.

Uses:

Azelastine is prescribed to treat nasal allergies and conditions such as hay fever. It treats the symptoms such as runny or blocked nose and sometimes to cure irritation caused in the nose due to allergies.
It is a histamine blocker which is a naturally present substance that causes nasal symptoms.

The medicine is administered by spraying into both the nostrils one after another.
It is important to check the pump before using it.
Spray a little quantity in the air to see if the pump is correctly working or not.
This checking of the spray for proper spraying is known as priming.
When you’re using the spray for the first time, shake the bottle well and pump the bottle six times until you see a mist clearly coming out of the bottle.
Do this exact procedure if you’re using the medicine after 14 days.

Dosage:
The usual adult dosage for the Azelastine nasal spray is pumping twice in both the nostrils for conditions such as seasonal allergic rhinitis and vasomotor rhinitis.

The child dosage for the ages from 5-12 years is one spray per nostril for the same conditions.

Side Effects:
The common side effects to Azelastine include bitter taste in the mouth, irritation of the insides of the nose, nosebleeds, dry mouth, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sneezing and in some cases weight gain.
The unusual side effects that need immediate medical help include hives, problems in breathing and swelling of the face, tongue, lips and throat.

Precautions:
Visit your doctor to get checked for the effectiveness of the medicine to decide if it should be continued or not. In case of the worsening of symptoms, meet your doctor immediately.
If you see anything such as sores in the nose, abnormal nose bleeds, bloody mucus in the nose or a wheezing sound on breathing, immediately see your doctor.
When going through a nasal condition, avoid contacting people who have other infections such as measles or chickenpox.
In some cases, this medicine can cause a fungal infection in the nose and throat, so if you see any white patches with pain in the nose, see your doctor.
A possible side effect of this medication is drowsiness so make sure to avoid driving while using this medicine. Try to avoid lifting heavy objects to avoid any injury.
If you have any symptoms such as darkening of the skin or diarrhea, check with your doctor.

A possible side effect of this medicine is slowed growth in children. You may notice a slow weight gain or height growth if your kid uses this medicine.
Never take another OTC with this medicine without your doctor’s advice because it can cause serious side effects.

Azathioprine is an anti-inflammatory medicine used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.

Uses:

Azathioprine is a preventive medicine that is administered in patients who underwent a kidney transplant. It is effective against organ rejection. It works in combination with other medicines to make the new kidney work better.

It is a medicine prescribed to treat rheumatoid arthritis which is a condition where the body’s own immune system attacks the healthy joints.

Azathioprine is an immunosuppressant that works in the mentioned conditions to lower down the ability of the body’s immune system, so that it doesn’t work against the body.

Other conditions such as Crohn’s disease are also treated by Azathioprine.

Dosage:

For Kidney Transplant:

The dosage of Azathioprine changes with the condition for which it is prescribed.

For kidney transplant, the medicine is administered usually on the day of transplant.
In some cases the medicine is prescribed almost three days prior to surgery.

The dosage ranges between 3-5 mg/kg of the body weight when the medicine starts.
The dose is gradually decreased to 1-3 mg/kg.

For Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The daily dose starts at 1mg/kg daily or twice a day. The dosage increases gradually and can go up to 2.5mg/kg maximum dose.
For rheumatoid arthritis, the dosage starts showing effect somewhere around the sixth week. If the patient doesn’t show recovery till twelfth week, the medicine is discontinued to opt another medicine.

Side Effects:

The medicine usually doesn’t show extreme side effects. However, if you find irritable stomach, pain in the stomach, nausea or vomiting, loss of appetite, loss of hair, blood in the urine of stool, bruises under the skin, extreme fatigue without a reason, mouth sores or infections that don’t go away talk to your doctor about these changes in the body.
Another side effect to this medicine is development of tumors, but this only occurs when the medicine is used for prolonged periods such as ten years or more.

Precautions:

While on Azathioprine, your doctor usually orders blood and urine work up to know the effectiveness of the medicine.

Do not take the medicine if you’re pregnant, and avoid getting pregnant if you’re taking the medicine because the medicine can harm the fetus.

Always talk to your doctor about all the medicines you’re using if the doctor asks you to go on Azathioprine therapy. Some medicines can create fatal effects if used in combination with Azathioprine.

Avoid direct sunlight when you’re taking Azathioprine.
After completing the course of this medicine, do not go for an immunization vaccine because it can be ineffective due to the medicine’s immunosuppressive nature.
If a vaccine is necessary, have a discussion with your doctor.
Avoid going to people with infectious diseases because the lowered immunity can cause you to catch the infection.

The medicine lowers the white blood cells and the platelets in the body that can lead to easy bruising, so when on the medicine avoid any type of injury to prevent blood loss.

When we talk about the human body and if we have to pick out one most important part of the human body, then it just has to be Human Heart.

Heart is a pumping organ present in our body that keeps the blood moving in our body and is responsible for keeping us alive and kicking.

The heartbeat is actually a Symbol of Life and if anything is wrong with the human heartbeat, then it can potentially be fatal as well. This is the reason that one has to be very careful with respect to the heartbeat.

However, sometimes there is an irregular rhythm in the beats of the human heart. It is a disease that can even prove out to be fatal for the patient and Amiodarone is the medicine that cures this problem and helps the heart with maintaining a constant rhythm of heart beat.

In this article, we will discuss the various aspects of this wonder drug.

Uses:

  • It can be used to cure Tachycardia. (Irregularities in beating of heart.)
  • It helps to maintain a nice rhythm to our heartbeat.
  • It blocks the electric signals that cause irregular heartbeat.

Dosage:

One should never take any medicine without the prescription or guidance of the doctor but especially in the case any medication that is associated with heart should never be used without the critical eye of a doctor over you. However, mostly it is recommended to use this once or twice a day and the decision of the dosage lies solely with the clinical experience of the doctor and he is the only person to be trusted with such a critical disease.

This can be taken

If someone is pregnant then they should go through all required tests before getting on this medication.

Precautionary Measures to Take

  1. Never use this medicine without the prescription of the doctor.
  • Never overdose yourself as it can prove fatal.
  • Read the guidelines properly that are written on the back side of the packet.
  • Do not use Grapefruit or Grapefruit juice along with Amiodarone.
  • One should also be mentally prepared for the side effects that can be caused by this drug.

Side Effects Of Amiodarone

  • Insomnia.
  • Lack of coordination.
  • Constipation can also be caused.
  • Headache and migraine are common.

We know that there are basically two types of infections that occur.

  1. Viral infections
  2. Bacterial Infections

There are different drugs available to deal with different kinds of diseases. If the disease is caused by a virus such as Common cold or throat infection, then it needs to be cured with an Antiviral drug.

However, if the reason of a disease or an infection is known to be Bacteria, then it has been an Antibiotic to be used to fight against those bacteria.

Different Antibiotics work differently and they perform different functions.

  1. They kill the bacteria.
  2. They make the bacteria impotent to cause any disease.

One of such most popular and used Antibiotics around is Azithromycin.

In this article, we will have a look at different aspects that are associated with this Antibiotic.

Uses:

Azithromycin is one of the most trusted and prescribed Antibiotics around the globe and it works in the following indications.

  1. Middle Ear Infections.
  2. Traveler’s diarrhea
  3. Pneumonia
  4. Infections of Nose.
  5. Lyme disease
  6. Skin Infections
  7. Sexually Transmitted disease

These are few of the very popular indications in which Azithromycin is used. However, in recent times, Azithromycin is even being used in combination with other drugs for the treatment of Covid-19 patients in the hospitals. It is also being used to keep them safe from other infections and diseases.

Dosage

It is one of the most powerful Antibiotics around and usually it is recommended to take it one time a day for one to five days. However, the Dosage depends completely on the advice of a registered medical practitioner and his prescription should be followed.

However, Azithromycin is advised to take after one or two hours of your meal. You can take it with water or Milk. You can even take it without food as well but if you are having an upset stomach then you should always take the medicine after food.

If you are taking the suspension form of Azithromycin, then make sure of two things.

  1. Take the right amount of medicine by using a measuring spoon.
  2. Shake well before use.

Sometimes, Kids are recommended to use the drug in suspension form. However, this can be prescribed for adults as well.

Precautionary Measures to Take

Although, Azithromycin clearly has a lot of benefits and is therefore used widely across the world but still there should be a set of precautions that must be followed to use it safely.

  1. Take the medicine daily at the same time.
  2. If you miss the Dosage, take the medicine as soon as possible.
  3. If you vomit after you intake the medicine, contact your doctor immediately.
  4. Do not lie down immediately after taking the medicine.
  5. Have a look at the expiry date as well.
  6. Make sure that you are not using two drugs that are incompatible.
  7. Never set yourself a dosage by yourself and let your doctor do that.

We hope that this article covers everything you need to know about Azithromycin.

The process of digestion that takes place in the human body is one of the most important processes for the proper functioning of one’s body.

However, there are some issues that can arise in the digestive system and it can cause some real discomfort and pain for the patient.

If someone is suffering from Chronic Idiopathic Constipation, then Amitiza is the drug that needs to be taken to be cured.

The formula of this medicine is Lubiprostone.

In this article we will have a look at the uses, precautionary measures as well as how it can be inoculated into the human body.

Uses:

  1. It helps to reduce the strain required to release stool.
  2. The process of releasing stool becomes easy.
  3. In the case of Constipation caused by Opioid drugs, it can prove highly effective.
  4. It helps to improve the texture of stool.
  5. It helps to activate the Chloride Channels in the bodywhich means that it increases the level of fluid in the intestine of the digestive system and hence releasing stool becomes easy.
  6. It also helps to get rid of the feeling of not relieving completely as well.

How It Can Be Used

When you are about to take such medication, it must always be kept in mind to follow the instructions of your doctor. Because, without proper instructions or prescription, the misuse of Amitiza can even cause Dehydration to the body.

There are certain ways to take this medicine.

  • It can be taken with food.
  • It can be taken without food.
  • It can be taken with water or milk.
  • It is usually suggested to take this twice a day.
  • Pregnant women should always follow the prescription of the doctor.
  • Do not skip if you are on it.
  • Always take the medicine at the same time everyday.

Precautionary Measures To Take

When you are dealing with such medicines that can have a direct impact on the inner functions of your body, you need to be extra careful and cautious before you use them and hence a strict code of precautions must always be followed to keep it all safe and sound for you.

Here is a set of instructions to be followed that will help you to take this medicine safely.

  • Never chew the tablet.
  • Do not take it without the prescription of a registered medical practitioner.
  • Always follow the guidelines given by the doctor.
  • Do not use this medicine for normal Constipation.
  • This medicine is specifically used for Idiopathic Constipation treatment and some other specific types of Constipation and should always be used if the doctor prescribes.
  • Misuse can even cause Dehydration.
  • Pregnancy bearing women should avoid its usage.
  • Drink ample amounts of water while on this medicine.

Idiopathic Constipation disease is surely one of the most discomforting diseases around and hence this medicine can prove out to be a handful if used properly. We hope that this article tells you everything you need to know about this drug.

Aricept is an enzyme blocker that is used to treat confusion in the patients of Alzheimer’s disease. Although the medicine doesn’t help in the progression of the disease, it somehow lowers down the forgetfulness and confusion caused by Alzheimer’s disease.

It functions to block the neurotransmitter production in the brain causing the patient to feel a bit less disoriented.

There are three variants of the tablets, with potency of 5mg, 10 mg and 23 mg.

The medicine can be prescribed in combination with other medications to cure the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Dosage:

Aricept comes in tablet form that should not be crushed before swallowing. Crushing a tablet can cause side effects.

The usual dosage is one 5 mg tablet per day, usually in the evening. However, if there is an indication of sleeplessness in the patient, the medicine can be altered for day time dose.

The maximum dosage per day for patients with severe symptoms is 23 mg per day.

The dose should not be altered directly to 23 mg per day until and unless the previous 10 mg dose is continued at least for three months.

The medicine can be taken with or without food as per the doctor’s instructions.

Side effects:

The common side effects of Aricept include diarrhea, cramps, dizziness, vomiting and insomnia.

Other uncommon side effects may include loss of appetite, low energy, and frequent urination, bruising under the skin and weight loss.

The rare side effects include atrial fibrillation which is a condition related to heart beat.

This condition can lead to stroke and thrombosis. This may further complicate to cause stomach bleeding.

Other rare side effects include aggressive behavior, irritability, itching, mood changes, chest pain, development of cataracts in the eyes, fluid retention in the body and even seizures.

Precautions:

The doses should never be adjusted on self-indications. Stick to the doctor’s advice in case of a change in the condition.

If you’re undergoing medical treatment and using an Aricept, it is important to inform the doctor about Aricept usage. Many dental medicines can cause adverse reactions when used with an Aricept.

The medicine affects the brain function, so make sure if you’re taking it, you avoid lifting heavy objects or avoid driving while you have taken a dose. 

In case of black tarry stool or unusually painful bowel movements that look as if there is coffee like masses in the stool, immediately call your doctor. It is an indicator of stomach bleeds that need immediate medical attention.

The overdose of this medicine can lead to excessive sweating, low blood pressure, and in the worst cases it can cause convulsions or seizures. These symptoms should never be neglected because these are not included in the common side effects of the medicine.

Do not self-medicate with any type of herbal or vitamin supplement if you’re taking Aricept because it can have adverse interactions with many other medicines. Aricept should not be withdrawn without toning down the doses because it can have negative effects.

Apixaban is an anticoagulant that is prescribed to patients who are at a risk of blood clotting, and thus a stroke. In general terms, it is a blood thinner. It prevents heart attack and heart failure.

Uses:

Apixaban is used to treat and prevent blood clots. The treatment of blood clots such as the ones that can be fatal such as deep vein thrombosis that occurs in the leg and can travel to the lungs where it can cause pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism can prove to be fatal in most of the cases.
This blood thinner is usually prescribed to people who have an irregularity in the rhythm of their heartbeat (known as arrhythmia). Arrhythmia starts with occasional disturbance in the heart beating rhythm, but it can cause complications such as stroke, heart failure, and in some cases sudden cardiac arrest.

Additionally, it is prescribed after a knee replacement or a hip replacement surgery. The patients who have gone through these surgeries are at high risk of thrombosis.

It is a prescription medicine which is only prescribed to people who are at risk of thrombosis.

Dosage:

Apixaban comes in tablet form with potency of 2.5 mg and 5 mg.
The usual adult dosage is 2 tablets per day usually split for twice a day.
Apixaban can be taken with or without food.
An important thing to keep in mind while taking Apixaban is to take it on the same interval as the doctor has prescribed.

The medicine is used in combination with other anticoagulants but the therapy requires switching between Apixaban and other medicines such as Warfarin.
Other dosage consideration includes the creatinine level of the patient, age of the patient, and weight.
All these parameters are decided by the doctor who prescribes the medicine.
Apixaban is usually suitable for adults over 18 years of age.

Side Effects:
Since Apixaban is a blood thinner it can lead to problems such as quick bleeding and bruising. Another side effect of the medicine is prolonged bleeding. Severe side effects can include:

  • Irregular or heavy periods in women
  • Occasional nose and gum bleeds
  • Bleeding in the urine or discoloration of the urine
  • Tarry stool
  • Coughing up blood clots
  • Swelling of the face and tongue
  • Nausea or vomiting

All these side effects need immediate medical attention.

Precautions:

Never take Apixaban without discussing it with your doctor. It can cause serious side effects in case of an allergic reaction. If you’re allergic to the medicine, it is essential to let your doctor know about it.

The medicine can be prescribed to patients with hepatic dysfunction of any kind, but is not suitable for chronic liver problems, so it is important to let your doctor know about the medicines you are already taking to avoid any kind of adverse interactions. Since this medicine is a blood thinner, avoid using sharp objects while using the medicine or take preventive measures against injuries because this medicine can cause excessive blood loss.

Arimidex is a preventive drug prescribed to women who are in their post menopause phase. The drug is effective against the growth of tumor cells in the breast that usually grow in the presence of estrogen. The drug is prohibitive in nature against the production of estrogen.

Uses:

Arimidex is an aromatase inhibitor drug that is effective against breast cancer. It is prescribed to women who are diagnosed with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer after their menopause. The term hormone-receptor-positive is used for those cancer cells that only grow under the presence of a hormone such as estrogen.
The medicine is prescribed to early stage breast cancer patients who have undergone a surgery (it is prescribed to lower the risk of the cancer growing back) or women who have metastatic breast cancer (cancer that is on an advanced level, grown to other parts of the body as well other than breast).
The medicine, however, is not effective against hormone-receptor-negative cancer cells growth.

Dosage:

The usual dosage of Arimidex is a 1 mg tablet per day that is prescribed after surgery. The patient needs to continue the medicine until there’s a progression in the tumor.
The medicine can be taken with or without food as per the doctor’s prescription.
Women with liver diseases can take the usual dosage but the women who have chronic impairment of liver should discuss the use with their doctor.

Side Effects:

Since the medicine works against estrogen, the lower estrogen absorption by the bones can lead to frequent fractures. The women who have osteoporosis are not recommended to take this medicine due to its negative impact on the bones. Alternate medicines are prescribed to women with osteoporosis.

The common side effects of Arimidex include joint pain, nausea and vomiting, fatigue and weakness, or sometimes hot flashes.
The uncommon side effects include bowel issues such as constipation, headache, loss of appetite, insomnia, weight gain, dizziness and sometimes vaginal bleeding or vaginal dryness.

Allergic reactions can be more drastic such as development of a rash or development of new lumps in the breast, unexplained swelling of limbs and face, declining vision, chest pain and increased heartbeat.
In any such condition, consult your doctor immediately.

Precautions:

While on Arimidex, make sure to get regular blood workup to see the progress of your disease.

It is very important to take birth control precautions while a woman is on Arimidex. It is unlikely to get pregnant after menopause, but it is still not impossible, so discuss your options of birth control if you are taking Arimidex. This medicine can be highly dangerous for embryo development, so your doctor must know if you are pregnant.

In case of any allergic reaction you experience, immediately call your doctor.

The women with cardiovascular problems can get chest pains while on arimidex. A thorough discussion about cardiovascular disease is a must before starting this medicine. If you’re a patient of osteoporosis or any other bone disease, discuss it with your doctor before the prescription of Arimidex.

There are different kinds of diseases and they are basically divided into two types.

  1. Bacterial Diseases
  2. Viral Diseases

As it is evident from the name that bacterial diseases are caused by bacteria that can harm human health and viral diseases are caused by certain Viruses that can make a home in the human body and cause fluctuations in the health of human beings.

Viral diseases are usually there to stay and it takes constant medications and precautionary measures to control them and not let things get away.

Few of these viral diseases are:

  1. Herpes Zoster
  2. Herpes Simplex
  3. Genital Herpes

If someone is suffering from these viral infections then Acyclovir which is also known as Acyclovir has been the drug of choice for a large number of Doctors for quite some time now.

In this article, we will have a look at how Acyclovir functions and how it helps us to fight these dangerous viral infections. We will also have a look at how it should be taken and what are the different precautions that must be taken care of while you are on its prescription.

Usage Of Acyclovir:

Acyclovir mostly comes in tablet form and its Dosage depends upon the condition of the patient and also on the personal choice of the doctor who is treating the patient. For example, if the patient is suffering from Herpes of any kind then the mostly recommended Dosage is 5 times a day for At Least one week.

However, there is no set rule for the Dosage of Acyclovir and it can vary according to the situation of the infection and according to the personal clinical experience of the physician in discussion.

How It Should Be Taken:

Acyclovir usually comes in a tablet form under different brand names and it can be either taken with or without food. It can be taken with milk or water and should always be taken as is prescribed by the doctor. However, if you are taking the Liquid Form of acyclovir, then you should always keep a measuring scoop with you so that you don’t take more or less amount than what is prescribed to you.

Acyclovir doesn’t really kill the viruses causing those diseases but actually it reduces their virulence and you have a better chance to recover sooner rather than later.

Precautionary Measures to Take:

  1. Never use Acyclovir without the prescription of your doctor.
  2. Always follow the Dosage that has been set up by your doctor.
  3. Don’t Overdose yourself with it.
  4. Do not use another medication that can have a chemical incompatibility with this drug.

All in all, Acyclovir is the latest drug that can deal with the harmful effects of different kinds of Herpes and that is the reason that it falls into the category of primary drug of choice for a bunch of doctors across the globe.