Prilosec is a Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) with the chemical name Omeprazole. PPIs are those medicines that inhibit the condition of acid reflux,

Acid reflux, generally known as heartburn occurs when the stomach acid enters the esophagus. It leaves a burning sensation in the tracheal canal. Prilosec comes in two different forms. The one is prescription Prilosec that cures severe conditions like ulcers. The Prilosec OTC only cures heartburn and can be found over the counter.

Uses:

Prilosec OTC reduces the problem of ulcers and heartburn. It is used to treat esophageal discomfort caused by acid reflux. It lowers down the amount of stomach acid by restricting the production of the stomach wall enzyme that produces stomach acid.

This drug is not only effective against heartburn that occurs more twice a week but can also work as a preventive against ulcers.

Even if it is an over the counter medicine, it should be selected with care by going through the instruction leaflet with the medicine.

Take care of reading the ingredients to avoid any possible allergy.

The OTC variant doesn’t work very quickly, so there’s a chance that you don’t get immediately comforted after taking the medicine.

Dosage:

The medicine comes in the form of tablets, capsules, suspension and packet.

The dosages differ with the age and the condition for which the medicine is prescribed.

Adult dosage for ulcers is 20 mg once a day an hour before a meal.

The dosage for esophagitis is the same as for ulcers.

Erosive esophagitis that occurs due to GERD needs the same 20 mg per day.

Your doctor should determine this medicine’s dosage for your children.

The correct way to take the medicine is an hour before the meal time.

If you’re using a packet, dissolve it in two tablespoons of water and take it.

Do not use any other type of liquid such as a fruit juice or milk.

Side Effects:

The common side effects of Prilosec OTC include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach ache
  • Headache

Other than these side effects, allergic reactions to this medicine can also occur, such as swelling of the face, arms, legs, lips or tongue.

Seizures or backache may develop.

Muscle spasms and dizziness may also occur.

In case of any of the uncommon side effects, immediately call your doctor for further investigation.

The continuous usage of this medicine for three years can leave you with a deficiency of vitamin B12.

Another side effect that can be caused by long term usage of Prilosec OTC is the development of fundic gland polyps which are small, smooth bumps in the upper portion of the stomach.

Precautions:

Prilosec OTC can cause severe allergic reactions if taken with specific antibiotics.

Never go for Prilosec OTC to cure any stomach discomfort while you are on an antibiotic.

If you see an unusual weight gain or swelling of any part of the body such as tongue, face, legs or wrist after taking this medicine, immediately inform your doctor.

It can occur due to a reaction of the medicine with the kidneys.

Please avoid using the medicine for longer periods because it can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency and growth inside the stomach known as fundic gland polyps.

Aspirin: Uses, Forms, Dosage and Side Effects.

Aspirin comes under the category of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID) that is used to treat minor aches. The chemical name of Aspirin acetylsalicylic acid. It is also prescribed to lower human body temperature in case of fever.

It is an over the counter medicine that you can get from a pharmacy by showing a doctor’s prescription.

Forms of Asprin:

Aspirin comes in two dosage forms. One is oral drug, and the other one is rectal. The oral drug can be of three types:

  1. Extended-release Aspirin tablets (enteric coated)
  2. Immediate release Aspirin tablets.
  3. Suspension.

The rectal drug comes in the form of rectal suppositories.

Uses:

Aspirin is used to treat minor aches such as headache, toothache, muscular pain or menstrual pain.

It is taken after meals.

It can work as an anti-inflammatory medicine for people who have arthritis since it reduces swelling alongside pain.

Some people take Aspirin to prevent cardiovascular diseases such as angina or strokes because it works as a blood thinner.

Aspirin can be used for treating migraine patients who show photophobia (sensitivity to light)

Doctors prescribe Aspirin to people who have symptoms of phonophobia (sensitivity for sounds).

Dosage:

Usual adult dosage for pain is 300 mg to 650 mg taken every 4 to 6 hours.

For fever, the usual dosage is the same as for pain management with a maximum limit of 4 gram per day.

The preventive usage of Aspirin is against heart attacks. The dosage for this purpose can be of two types. One is immediate release, and the other one is extended-release medicine. 160 to 162.5 mg tablets work in case of immediate release medicine to prevent a heart attack.

After a heart attack, the extended-release medicine usually doesn’t work. For this scenario, an immediate release drug should be administered in the prescribed doses for 30 days.

Precautions:

When taking the extended-release medicine, make sure you do not break it to pieces because it will affect the absorption of the drug in the body.

The extended-release medicine is film-coated, and its film disintegrates on breakage. This alters the time of the drug to be active in the body.

The suspension of Aspirin should be taken with a fruit juice accompanied by a glass of water.

The suppositories if too soft after opening the foil wrap should be refrigerated for 30 minutes and then administered through the rectum.

Make sure to take rest of 15 to 30 minutes after taking medicine to prevent irritation of the throat.

Aspirin should not be prescribed to patients of hemophilia and people with low platelet counts because it works for platelet aggregation in the blood and can cause clotting.

Keep it out of the reach of children. This medicine is the leading cause of poisoning and death due to over-dosage in children.

Side Effects:

The common side effects of Aspirin include heartburn, abdominal discomfort, nausea, cramping, drowsiness and an upset stomach.

The uncommon side effects include gastrointestinal bleeding in the people who are using it for long periods and who use alcohol heavily.

What is Augmentin?

Augmentin is a combination antibiotic that contains Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. The Amoxicillin, originally penicillin, works against bacterial infection while the clavulanate potassium works against bacterial immunity against penicillin.

Augmentin Uses:

Like all other antibiotics, Augmentin is also not effective against viral infections such as common cold and flu. It works only against bacterial infections such as upper respiratory tract infections including bronchitis and pneumonia. Other than these two, it is also effective against UTIs and some skin infections.

It is a prescription medicine that comes under the category of ‘broad-spectrum antibiotics’ and is effective against several bacterial infections.

Augmentin Dosage:

The dosage depends on the potency of the prescribed medicine. The patient can take it either after every eight or 12 hours. The main component of the drug that is penicillin does not have any relevance with the food intake for its absorption. It means that penicillin alone gets absorbed in the bloodstream no matter the patient takes it with or without food. However, the Clavulanic potassium works more effectively if taken after meals.

To avoid diarrhea after taking a dose of Augmentin, the patient must take a light meal.

For children who get prescribed with the suspension of Augmentin, it is crucial to make sure the medicine is administered through a dropper or a measuring spoon. A parent should be careful not to administer the medication with a regular spoon.

The suspension should be made according to the instructions of the doctor and refrigerating it is a must. Any leftover antibiotic should be discarded immediately to avoid misuse.

Remember that antibiotics such as Augmentin are only effective against bacterial infections. When your doctor prescribes it, it is crucial to take care of the number of days you are prescribed for the medicine.

Abruptly discontinuing Augmentin can cause resistance in the bacteria against the medicine in future infections. Not only for Augmentin, but it can also cause other antibiotic medicines to lose their effectiveness in the body.

Side Effects:

Augmentin is a generally well-accepted medicine with most people not facing any side effects while using it. However, high dosages may lead to side effects such as diarrhea or loose stool.

In some cases, skin rashes may develop while on Augmentin therapy.

Uncommon side effects include abdominal discomfort or headaches.

Warnings:

Augmentin, if overdosed can cause severe symptoms such as stomach pain and vomiting. Other than that it can cause a skin rash, hyperactivity or drowsiness in some patients.

In case of a recent over dosage, forced vomiting (emesis) may be induced to remove the stomach contents.

Augmentin should not be prescribed to the patients who are allergic to penicillin.

A medical practitioner should be careful enough to know the renal and hepatic history of the patient before prescribing Augmentin.

It can cause severe allergic reactions in patients with hepatic impairment.

Augmentin excretes in the breast milk so, it is not recommended for breastfeeding mothers.

The medical practitioner must take a thorough history of the patient before prescribing Augmentin since it can show allergic reactions in patients with penicillin hypersensitivity.

What is Valium? 

Valium is a sleeping pill that is also used to reduce the mental pressure and stress and it is available under the name, i.e., diazepam. Valium is a benzodiazepine drug, which is used to treat anxiety, stress and different kinds of seizures. This medicine helps in calming the nerves of the brain and relaxes us.

How can Valium be used?

Valium is a kind of medicine that cannot be bought without a prescription and there always has to be a prescription to buy it.

When you get the prescription from your doctor, You can take this medicine orally.

Valium is available in two forms that are solid and liquid. If you are consuming it in the liquid form, make sure you are using a cup to measure the prescribed dose correctly and do not overdose.

The dosage of the medicine however usually depends on your medical condition, age, along with the response rate to treatment and it can also be prescribed by the clinical experience of the doctor.

However, increasing the dose is not recommended anyway. One should never use this medicine without the prescription of your doctor.

Precautionary Measures to take

When you are on the prescribed dosage of valium, it is highly advisable to not use Grapefruit as it can have a lot of side effects when used along with Valium.

If you have been using the medicine for a long time or over dosage in some time, it may cause withdrawal if you suddenly stop using it. So, whether you start using valium or want to stop using it, it should all rest upon the prescription of your doctor and no one else.

One should also never use valium along with alcohol because it can simply prove to be a fatal mistake on your part. So, no matter what whether you are going to start taking this medicine or want to stop taking it, do it according to the prescription of your doctor because anything that is done without the prescription of your doctor might prove out to be your final mistake.

If you have breathing problems then it is also advised not to take this medicine.

Effects of Withdrawal

1. Shaking of body

2. Cramps in the abdominal region of of body

3. Muscle cramps in body

4. Vomiting

5. Sweating profusely

6. Anxiety

7. Restlessness

8. Seizures

One more thing must always be kept in mind while using these medicines is that such medicines should never be taken for recreational purposes.

These medicines are properly made for clinical reasons and should always be used after the prescription from the doctor.