Amantadine is a drug prescribed to control movement problems in certain conditions. It increases the amount of dopamine in the blood hence, controls movements. The class of drugs which it belongs to is known as adamantine.

Uses

The drug amantadine is used as a treatment option for controlling involuntary muscular movements in the patients of Parkinson’s disease. Previously, it was used to treat type A influenza, but now it is only prescribed for curing movement disorders.
The reason behind its ban as a medication for type a influenza is a widespread drug rejection in populations.

How to use it?

Amantadine is an oral drug that comes in tablets, capsules as well as syrup form. The capsules are extended release and the patient should not chew or break them. Doing this can lead the medicine to lose its effectiveness.

In case of difficulty in swallowing the capsule, sprinkle its contents on a soft and take it.

The medicine is prescribed once or twice a day depending on the condition of the patient and one should take it at the same time of the day.

Your doctor will gradually increase the dose starting with a low dose.


Amantadine can cause stiffness of muscles and psychotic indicators in case the patient stops taking it abruptly, so stop using it gradually as per the instructions of your doctor.

Dosage

The dosage depends on the condition for which Amantadine is prescribed and the age and weight of the patient.

For Parkinson’s disease

The adult daily dosage for Parkinson’s disease is 200 mg tablet or syrup per day. The dose may be split in two doses of 100 mg twice a day or a single dose of 200 mg.
For the syrup, the adult daily dosage is 4 teaspoonfuls that can be split into two doses per day.

For Influenza type A

The dosage for influenza types a ranges between 100-200 mg per day.

For children

1-9 years

4.4 mg per kg per day and should not exceed a total amount of 150 mg per day

9-12 years

200 mg medicine split in 100 mg tablets twice a day or two teaspoonfuls of syrup twice a day.

Side Effects

The benefits may outweigh the side effects of the drug however; there are side effects to every medicine so as Amantadine. These side effects include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Insomnia

Precautions

The drug may have effects on the central nervous system and the patient may have issues with balance, so in case of a therapy with Amantadine alcohol is strictly prohibited.
The use of alcohol may worsen the instability of the patient, causing them to fall.
While on the medicine, avoid lifting heavy objects or driving due to the same reason as stated above.
The medicine can cause behavioral changes such as impulsiveness with food or other activities and it can also alter one’s libido to suddenly increased sexual desire. Another complication of the drug can occur that is called neuroleptic malignant syndrome in case it doesn’t suit the patient.

Amlodipine belongs to a class of drugs known as calcium channel blockers. These medicines are prescribed to treat hypertension. The mechanism of controlling blood pressure involves relaxation of the blood vessels so that the blood can flow easily through them.

Uses

Amlodipine is prescribed to hypertensive patients to prevent them against cardiac conditions such as heart attack, stroke or angina. It can be used as a preventive drug against angina however; it should not be taken as a primary drug in case of an angina attack.


It can be prescribed as a single drug to control high blood pressure that can prevent patients against heart problems or as a part of a cardiovascular activity management song with other medicines.

For controlling blood pressure, amlodipine can be more effective if taken with regular exercise, diabetes management and cholesterol management of the patient.

How to use Amlodipine?

The medicine comes in tablet and syrup form. It is taken once a day with proper dosage management from the medical practitioner. A point to remember while taking Amlodipine is to take it at the same time of the day.

It should be used in the same quantities as prescribed by the doctor. Overdosing or under dosing can have side effects.

Dosage

The dosage depends on the condition for which the medicine is prescribed.

For Hypertension

The usual adult dosage for controlling blood pressure ranges from 5 mg taken orally.

Your doctor may increase the dose after a week or two to 7.5 mg per day orally.
The maximum dosage is 10 mg per day.

For Angina and CAD

For angina and coronary artery disease that is established through angiography, the adult dosage is 5-10 mg per day.

For People with Liver problems

The regular dosage to cure blood pressure of the patients who also have liver problems, the usual dosage is less than the normal dosage. It should be started with 2.5 mg per day orally.

Side Effects

It is important to note that your doctor has prescribed the medicine because he sees more benefits than its side effects for you. However, like every other drug, this drug can also have various side effects such as:

  • Swelling
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Weakness
  • Chest pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Palpitations
  • Flushing
  • Abdominal pain

Precautions

  • There is a risk of worsening chest pain or even a heart attack to critical cardiac patients who use Amlodipine so, if you feel any discomfort such as sharp chest pain, nausea, cramps at the back side of the neck or jaw, immediately seek medical help
  • It can cause the patient to become hypotensive (low blood pressure) if there’s too heavy activity after taking the medication.
  • So, patients who are on a hypertension management therapy should be cautious with their exercise regimes.
  • In case of a serious abdominal pain or chest pain, seek a doctor immediately.
  • Do not discontinue the drug abruptly without consulting your doctor to avoid the condition from worsening.

Mood disorders can prove hard if not treated properly. There are certain drugs known as anti-depressants that can work effectively to alleviate conditions such as anxiety and depression. One of such drugs is amitriptyline.

 Amitriptyline is a medicine that is used for treating depression and anxiety. In some cases, doctors also prescribe it for the ADHD patients.
It is an anti-depression drug not to be taken without a prescription.

Uses

Amitriptyline is prescribed to treat mood disorders such as depression and anxiety. However, in low doses, this medicine can work as a painkiller for migraine and other generic aches.
For treating depression, its dose increases the serotonin level in the brain.

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that affects sleep and overall energy of the body. It helps reduce the pain in the body. As a painkiller, it is used in conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, neuralgia or migraine.

The pain therapy may require a minimum of six weeks to start its effect.


How to take it?

Amitriptyline comes both in tablet and syrup form. The medicine should be taken a couple of hours before bedtime. You may feel sleepy after taking the medicine because it works as a muscle relaxant. However, if you don’t feel sleepy after taking it, change the time of taking it.

Taking the medicine till evening can help you go into proper sleep at the right time.

Dosage

Amitriptyline dosage depends on the condition.

For Depression

The medicine dosage starts with 25-50 mg per day, orally at bedtime.
The doctor will adjust the dose every 5-7 days by increasing 25 mg.
The maximum dose for depression can be 300 mg per day (divided doses)


For Migraine

The regular adult dosage for migraine is 10-25 mg per day orally before bedtime.
Maximum daily dose for migraine can go up to 400 mg.

For neuralgia

The usual adult dosage for back pain is 65-100 mg before bedtime orally.

Side Effects

Amitriptyline can cause side effects such as

  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Dry Mouth
  • Blurred Vision
  • Urine flow issues

Immediately see a doctor if you see any side effects such as:

  • Bruising under the skin
  • Stool that is tar-like
  • Lowering of libido
  • Muscle spasms
  • Stomach pain that doesn’t go away.

A very serious side effect to this medicine is Neuroleptic Malignant syndrome which is characterized by irregular fast heartbeat and stiffness of muscles. Although it is rare, it can happen to people who are taking this medicine.

Allergic reactions to the medicine can include:

  • Swelling of the face
  • Skin rash
  • Swelling of the tongue

For any such side effect, seek immediate medical help.

Precautions

Give your doctor a complete history of mood disorders whenever you seek medical help for a psychiatric problem. This drug is prescribed for mood disorders, but it can worsen many neurotic conditions such as extreme bipolar disease.
Tell your doctor about the history of a liver or kidney problem to avoid dangerous side effects. Amitriptyline affects the heart rate, so if you have any cardiac issue, inform your doctor before he prescribes it to you.

Atorvastatin is a medicine that comes under the drug group known as statins. The drug is used to lower down bad cholesterol in the bloodstream that includes LDL and triglycerides while it increases the good cholesterol that includes HDL.

However, it does not control cholesterol level if the patients do not follow a proper diet.

Uses:

Atorvastatin works to lower down the amount of cholesterol that the liver produces.

The patients who are seeking therapy with this particular medicine must take an integrated approach to lower down their cholesterol such as going on a low-fat diet,controlling their weight if they are obese, and stop smoking to get maximum benefit of the drug.

If you’re on a combination treatment for cholesterol, do not take the medicine with another cholesterol controlling medicine. Always take Atorvastatin either one hour before the other drug or after four hours of taking the other drug.

You can take the medicine with or without food as per the instruction of your doctor.

A special instruction to keep in mind while taking atorvastatin is not to take it with grapefruit juice or grapefruit.

Dosage:

The usual dosage of the drug is 20 mg per day which can increase up to 80 mg per day.

The patients with no response alone to diet sometimes can receive the initial dosage of 40 mg per day. However, this is not a usual dosage and is only prescribed to patients who have much higher cholesterol levels.

In addition to cholesterol reduction, it is a preventive drug for cardiovascular patients against heart attack.

For such patients, the usual dosage is 10 mg to 20 mg.

The maximum dose one can receive is 80 mg per day.

Side effects:

There can be varied side effects of the medicine ranging from stomach issues such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting to headache, light-headedness.

Other side effects include chest pain that is angina. In addition to these, the medicine can have an impact on the musculoskeletal system such as causing painful muscle spasms or spasms without pain, inflammation of the muscles, and weakness of the muscles.

Besides these side effects, sometimes people can experience upper respiratory tract problems such as a cold, sore throat or a runny nose.

All the mentioned side effects are not necessary to occur, and there can be severe side effects such as allergic reactions to the medicine in some cases.

Still there may be other side effects to the medicine that you don’t find here.

If you feel a sudden discomforting change in your body in response to Atorvastatin,immediately seek medical advice.

Precautions:

If you see any symptom such as unusual stool or urine, yellowing of the skin,weakness that doesn’t go away or an unexplained weight loss after taking the medicine, immediately see your doctor.

These symptoms indicate liver damage.

The drug is not suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding mothers and has shown negative impact on the fetus and the infant. Any woman who is trying to conceive should not take this drug.

Ascorbic acid or vitamin C is a naturally present water soluble vitamin that helps maintain the bones, cartilage, skin and the blood vessels. Basically, it’s a vitamin that helps make collagen that is present in all the bones and connective tissues. Other than bone structure, it works to manage red blood cells and hemoglobin in the body. Usually people don’t need to supplement vitamin C because daily diet covers its minimum daily requirement.

Uses:

Ascorbic acid comes under a class of drugs known as the antioxidants. The antioxidants prevent cell damage due to the presence of free radicals in the body.

The natural vitamin C has the properties of an antioxidant while the supplementary form of ascorbic acid exhibits the same functions.

As stated above, people usually don’t need to supplement it, but it is used to prevent a disease called scurvy.

The deficiency of ascorbic acid causes scurvy that is characterized by gum ulcers, skin rashes, pain and inflammation of the body especially limbs and in extreme conditions it can cause spontaneous bleeding.

The condition if worsened can take several months of treatment with supplemental vitamin C.

Dosage:

The regular daily requirement is 90 mg per day for men and 75 mg per day for women.

For breastfeeding or pregnant women, the daily requirement is almost 1.5 times of the normal requirement. For lactating women of age under 18, a required dose is 115 mg while for the lactating mothers of 20 to 50 years, the requirement goes up to 120 mg per day.

There are many other considerations for the dosage.

The dose for treating a condition such as scurvy, is 100-250 mg as per the doctor’s advice.

For an eye condition in older adults, 500 mg of vitamin C along with other vitamins is recommended for ten years.

It is effective against the common cold if given in a controlled quantity of 1-3 grams daily.

Side effects:

While the oral form doesn’t have many side effects, the injection form of ascorbic acid can lead to dizziness or even fainting if given speedily.

Other side effects include vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, headache and heartburn.

Over dosage that is more than 2000 mg a day can lead to severe side effects such as severe diarrhea and kidney stones. If someone has kidney stones, a high dose of vitamin C can cause the stones to multiply.

Precautions:

  1. Do not use it just for the sake of fun and should always be used on recommendation of the doctor.
  2. Do not overdose yourself with it.
  3. Check the instructions that are on the packaging and follow those instructions.

The excretory system in human beings is responsible for very important functions including the urination and disposal of faces. However, just at the junction of the human excretory system and reproductive system, there is a small organ under the bladder that is known as Prostate. This organ is only specific to Men. The urethra passes through this specific gland and when the semen passes through this gland on ejaculation, the prostate passes out a fluid that protects and helps the semen to nourish in a much better way.

Although this gland performs a very important function in the body of men, at the same time, it is a very delicate and sensitive gland as well. It is highly prone to be swollen up.

Now, we will have a look at the different symptoms that might give the indication that the prostate of a man is swollen.

  1. Weak stream of urine.
  2. Pain while urinating.
  3. Urinating more frequently.
  4. The pressure of urine increases so much in the bladder that it might even wake you up from sleep at night.

However, the good news for men is that this problem of Enlarged Prostate which is also known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) can easily be cured with the help and usage of Alfuzosin.

How to Use Alfuzosin And How It Works

Alfuzosin is mostly available in the form of tablets and it belongs to the group of medicines that is named as Alpha Blockers. It does not decrease the swelling of the prostate, rather it relaxes the muscles that are around that area and hence calms the gland down and it results in better condition of the indications that are being shown.

The dosage that is recommended by your doctor must be followed as he will prescribe you the medicine after checking the condition of your health. However, the general recommendation of the doctors is to take this medicine once a day.

There are some things to be kept in mind while you are taking Alfuzosin.

  1. Use it with food. It will give better results.
  2. Do not use it without food as it might not be as effective if it is taken without food.
  3. You can take the medicine either by water or Milk.

Side Effects

There are certain side effects of Alfuzosin that must be kept in mind and must be tried to avoid as well. These side effects are as under.

  1. Sudden lowering of blood pressure.
  2. Dizziness.
  3. Fainting.
  4. Allergy.

So these things must be kept in mind before using Alfuzosin.

Precautionary Measures To Take

  1. Do not use Alfuzosin to treat High Blood Pressure.
  2. If you are someone who suffers from low blood pressure then you should discuss it with your doctor if he prescribes you Alfuzosin to treat your Enlarged Prostate.
  3. Do not hold back your urine and let go whenever you feel like that you need to do urination.
  4. Always follow the instructions of your doctor regarding the usage and Dosage of Alfuzosin.
  5. Never overdose yourself thinking that it will help you to gain better health.

Whenever it is to be checked that whether a person is alive or dead, what is the first thing that the doctors check? You must have even seen in movies that they bring their fingers close to the nose of the person to check whether the person is Breathing or not.

This means that having a normal breathing going on is actually the symbol of life. This means that it is perhaps the most important process that is going on in the human body. Even if you don’t think that it is the most important process of the human body but still it can be considered as one of the most important processes for sure.

However, there are certain conditions in which this process of breathing is halted and that may have a number of reasons for it.

In this article, first of all we will first have a look at what may cause that halt in the most important process of our body.

  1. It might be the dreaded Asthma.
  2. It might be shortness of breath or wheezing.
  3. It might be chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that is also known as COPD.
  4. Any other lung disease.

In such cases Advair Diskus can surely come to the rescue of the patient.

What Is Advair Diskus?

This is one of the best medicines out there that are used to treat symptoms of Asthma or COPD. It is used by Inhaling with the help of Inhalers.

Advair Diskus basically consists of two active pharmaceutical ingredients and they both perform their functions in combination.

     1)    Fluticasone

     2)    Salmeterol

Fluticasone actually is a part of a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing the irritation and swelling of the airway passages and helps to relieve the issues with breathing. Salmeterol belongs to the class of drugs known as long-acting beta agonists. It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that they open up and you can breathe more easily and comfortably.

How It Is To Be Used

One should be very much careful when they are using Advair Diskus and along with the knowledge and the timing of the medicine to be used, the knowledge of Inhaler should also be with the patient so that they can handle it properly.

Advair Diskus does not give instant comfort to the patient and hence it should never be taken at the time of an asthma attack. At the time of an asthma attack another medicine that has a quick and faster action should be used.

Precautionary Measures to Take

  1. The cap of the inhaler should always be on if it is not in use.
  2. The timing of the usage of Advair Diskus must always be kept in mind.
  3. If a child is using it then an adult should always be there to keep an eye.
  4. In case of any mishaps, try to contact your doctor or reach the hospital as soon as possible.
  5. The dosage amount set by a registered medical practitioner should always be followed and one should never be the prescriber himself.
  6. Take proper care of the cleanliness of inhaler.

Modern medical science has taken giant steps towards helping human beings with improving their general health. There was a time when the diseases that are considered minor diseases these days proved to be fatal for a lot of people and a lot of important human lives were lost because of it.

However, such diseases are now cured easily and the reason for that is the advent of medicines like Acetaminophen. This pill can simply be termed as a wonder drug that helps you to fight against a lot of diseases and one of the major benefits that we get from this medicine is that it has almost zero side effects and hence it has been a drug of choice of doctors for a number of years now.

In this article, we will discuss the several important aspects related to this medicine.

How It Is Used

Acetaminophen is mostly found in tablet form and the indications in which it can be used are as under.

  1. Fever
  2. Headache
  3. Nausea
  4. Pain
  5. Muscle pain
  6. Cough

These are few of the indications in which this medicine can be helpful for patients.

This medicine is mostly found in Tablet form and it can be taken with or without food. If you have a stomach upset then you can take it with food.

Moreover, this can be taken with water as well as milk.

However, in the case of children, most of the time the medicine is in suspension form and hence the correct amount of medicine should be measured by the measuring scoop or a spoon. It should also be shaken well before use.

Dosage

The dosage of Acetaminophen depends upon the condition of the patient and hence it may vary from person to person. The doctor can increase or decrease the dosage with time according to the condition of the patient at that time.

However, the normally recommended dosage is two times a day and it proves to be quite effective in fever, pain and other indications.

One thing should be kept in mind is to never decide your own dosage and always follow the advice of your doctor at all costs. There is a reason that he is given that license to practice his knowledge about medicine and diseases and hence you need to trust your doctor with the dosage of Acetaminophen.

Side Effects

As it belongs to the category of Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) so the chances of it having side effects are quite low. However, in some cases it may cause allergy or some other complications.

In such cases, you should not panic at all and just simply contact your doctor and act upon his advice.

Precautionary Measures to Take

  1. Do not overdose yourself.
  2. Always follow the instructions of your doctor regarding the usage and Dosage of the medicine.
  3. Always take the medicine at the same time every day.

Blood is perhaps the most important fluid in our body. It is via blood that oxygen is supplied to the different parts of the body to carry out the functions of our body properly without breaking down.

However, the blood that is flowing through the veins of our body flows through at a certain pressure and if it increases from that pressure or decreases as well then there can be some problems that the person might feel.

This pressure is usually rated as 120/80 mm/hg.

120mm/hg is regarded as the upper limit of blood pressure and 80 mm/hg is often regarded as the lower limit.

However, if the Blood pressure rises to a dangerous level then this can actually prove to be fatal as well. There are chances of a brain hemorrhage or even the failure of heart.

To deal with this deadly problem Aldactone comes to the rescue and it calms the blood pressure down and also gives stability to the heart.

Reasons of High blood Pressure

  1.  Too much stress.
  2. A shock.
  3. Too much anger.
  4. Over thinking.
  5. Accident.
  6. Adrenaline Rush
  7. Exercise
  8. Lack of proper controlled diet

High blood pressure can simply prove to be fatal and hence it should be taken seriously and it demands proper care and Aldactone can prove to be very helpful in this regard.

Dosage and Usage

Aldactone is an oral medicine that is available in the form of tablet as well as suspension form.

If you are taking the tablet form then it is highly advised to take this medicine before 6PM because when it starts to settle down in the body, it is going to cause urination process to be very frequent and hence it can disturb your sleep.

However, if you are taking suspension form of this medicine then you should measure with the help of a measuring spoon and do not make wild guesses while preparing your medicine.

It can also be taken as a prevention if the body is producing too much of Aldosterone.

However, you should always follow the instructions of your doctor regarding the usage and Dosage of Aldactone.

Side Effects

There are a few side effects that are worth mentioning here.

  1. Nausea.
  2. Dizziness
  3. Drowsiness
  4. Lack of sleep.
  5. Lack of appetite.
  6. Headache
  7. Lightheadedness

These are some of the side effects that you have to deal with while on this medication but you should consult with your doctor as soon as possible if these side effects persist for longer times.

Precautionary Measures to Take

  1. The patient should never skip any Dosage.
  2. The person who is taking this medicine should take the pill early in the morning.
  3. Should follow the advice of the doctor at all costs and also have a look at the guidelines pamphlet.
  4. Maintain a healthy diet and general healthy lifestyle.
  5. Avoid using oily and processed food and also heavy foods.
  6. Never overdose yourself.
  7. Follow the instructions of doctor and pharmacist at all costs.

Respiratory system of human beings is responsible for the process of respiration in the human body which keeps us alive and supplies oxygen to different parts of our body so that they can function properly.

However, Respiratory system is expectedly a very complex system and sometimes there are some issues in its organs due to which the process of respiration cannot be carried out properly and hence it can result in Shortness of breath or Asthma.

So, if unfortunately you are someone who is suffering from such issues related to your respiration, then you need to see your doctor and talk about Albuterol.

How It Is Used

Albuterol belongs to the classification of drugs known as Bronchodilators. As it is evident from the name of these drugs that they help to ease down the passages that become quite narrow and hence the air cannot pass through properly resulting in shortness of Breath.

It is used by inhaling it into the body with the help of an inhaler. The usage of inhaler should be learnt properly and there is proper guidance given on how to use it in the guidelines booklet of the inhaler.

Dosage

Albuterol should always be used according to the prescription of the doctor and his guidelines must always be followed. However, the most recommended dosage is to take the required amount after every 4 to 6 hours for Asthma and shortness of breath.

However, if someone wants to take it because of Asthma by Exercise, then they should take it about 15 to 30 minutes before the exercise.

Side Effects:

It should always be kept in mind that anything that has a positive effect on your body is supposed to have a side effect on your body as well. However, the doctor looks at the positive side and wants you to benefit from that medicine. But, it is also important to know about the different side effects that can be caused by this Asthma Controlling drug and what are the side effects which you need to worry about and what are the side effects that should not bother you at all.

Some of the mild side effects which do not need to be taken seriously unless they persist for a long time are:

  1. Getting nervous and agitated.
  2. Shaking of body.
  3. Bad taste in the mouth.
  4. Bad breath.
  5. Loss of sleep.
  6. Dizziness
  7. Weakness
  8. Itchy feeling in the throat.

These are some of the normal side effects that can be caused. Now, we will also have a look at some of the more serious side effects that need to be taken care of immediately.

  1. If you start to suffer from irregular heartbeat, then you should consult your doctor as soon as possible.
  • If you have chest pain then you should also try to rush to the hospital as things might just get serious.

Precautionary Measures to Take

  1. Keep good care of the inhaler.
  2. Always keep the cap of the inhaler intact if it is not in use.
  3. Don’t forget to clean it properly.
  4. Never overdose.
  5. Always keep an inhaler with you with a filling of quick response drugs as well.
  6. Do not panic at the time of an asthma attack.