In the age of technological advancement, with a cell phone in hands, and the eyes on the screen, workout looks like a far-fetched idea to most of us. After all, who doesn’t like to snuggle in a blanket with their favorite show running on the TV in the front?
Well, every one of us likes to pick up this routine, but this routine has got some serious health repercussions. It can cause problems such as weight gain, and diseases related to weight gain.

It is ok to adopt this routine for an hour or two, but remember that an active body works better in most of the circumstances, so include a workout routine in the 24 hours cycle as well. If not daily, thrice a week is also acceptable to keep those limbs working and moving.

In this article, we will highlight the importance and benefits of incorporating workout in your daily life. So, here we go:

  1. Having a toned, muscular body:

The first and the foremost benefit of incorporating workout in your routine is having a lean, muscular body. It helps reduce the excessive fat that has accumulated over years. Proper exercises can help improve the muscle tone of the body, and can improve the overall balance and strength one has.

  1. Exercise helps in sound sleep:

Working out helps in getting peaceful sleep. Studies show that people who are inactive or not into physical activities, struggle more to get proper sleep. There is no clinical evidence for the relationship between sleep and exercise, but a possible explanation is the calming effect working out creates in the body that leads to better sleep.

  1. Better oxygen supply to the tissues:

Exercise regimes such as aerobics and cardio increase the oxygen availability to the body cells. This in turn, helps the heart work better and more efficiently. Working out can prevent people from getting cardiovascular diseases by burning the fats in the body.

  1. Exercise helps reduce depression:

Exercise triggers the release of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine in the body. Serotonin is associated with one’s ability to control mood. The release of this neurotransmitter as a result of exercise can help reduce mood swings in a person.
Dopamine is another neurotransmitter that affects the motivation of a person. Working out helps release this brain chemical, bringing a positive change in the motivation level of the person.

  1. Exercise increases brain health:

As mentioned earlier, working out provides better oxygen level to the body that increases the blood flow. The improved blood circulation can help the brain cells to grow. It also positively impacts the memory.

  1. Positive body image helps people grow socially:

Working out comes with a better body that eventually leads an overall better self-image. This changes the energy one has, and can help a person to bond better with people. The positive body image also helps in improving the sex life of individuals which can otherwise be not-so-good due to feeling of lethargy and having low energy levels.

Food hygiene is the part of the umbrella term food safety. Food safety is the set of practices that should be implemented by a food business to ensure their food to be safe for consumption.

Food hygiene is an important aspect of handling the process of preparation, cooking and storage of food.

The factors that must be taken into account while handling commercially prepared food include personal hygiene of the staff involved in cooking, prevention against cross-contamination, safe storage of the food that preserves it against going bad and controlling the temperature of the cooking process.

After this brief introduction, we will move forward to answer the following questions regarding food hygiene:

  1. What are the basic food hygiene guidelines?
  2. What are the types of food hazards?
  3. What is cross contamination?
  4. What the types are of cross contamination?

What are the basic food hygiene guidelines?

Food hygiene applies to each step of food preparation from preparation of the food till the storage of the food. For the preparation step:

  • Wash hands before starting.
  • Handle raw and cooked ingredients separately
  • Tie back hair under a cap
  • Sneeze or cough at a distance from the cooking station.

For the cooking step:

  • Use clean utensils for cooking
  • Use separate chopping boards for vegetables and meat.
  • Clean the work station while working

For the storage:

  • Keep hot food at the temperature of 63 degrees and cold food under 5 degrees
  • Store raw and cooked food in separate clean containers with lids on.

What are the types of food hazards?

Food hazards can be of four types:

  1. Biological- As the air is laden with microorganisms, these biological creatures can be a threat against food safety and hygiene.
  1. Chemical- Chemical hazards against food hygiene include any chemical that is added intentionally or unintentionally to the food such as preservatives that are harmful or pesticides that are used at the time of the production of raw material.
  1. Physical- Physical hazard characterizes the presence of any foreign object in the food such as a stem or shoot in case of fruits and vegetable or a foreign object such as plastic, nail, hair etc in the cooked food. Naturally occurring physical hazards are less harmful as compared to the artificial hazards.
  1. Allergenic- Allergenic hazards are those proteins present in food that can cause an adverse reaction in some people. To minimize this type of hazard, a proper food labeling should be practiced.

           What is cross contamination?

In the terms of food hygiene, cross contamination refers to transfer of harmful bacteria due to improper food hygiene practices.

What the types are of cross contamination?

There are three basic types of cross contamination of food:

  • Food-to-food: Mishandling of raw and cooked food can cause cross contamination.
  • Equipment-to-food: Dirty utensils, chopping boards or knives can be a source of cross contamination of food.
  • People-to-food: People who do not practice personal hygiene while cooking such as washing hands or wearing kitchen gloves or tying hair while cooking can cause cross contamination of food.