Heart attack that is known as Myocardial Infarction in medical terms is the blockade of blood flow to a certain part of heart. The blood flow gets disturbed due to the accumulation of fats or cholesterol known as plaque in the cardiac blood vessels. The heart attack may cause permanent damage to the cardiac muscles and in some cases, it causes death.

In this article, we will answer the following questions about heart attack:

  • What are the symptoms of heart attack?
  • Who is at a risk of experiencing a heart attack?
  • What are the treatment options for a heart attack?
  • What are the preventive measures against heart attack?
  • Is heart attack fatal?
  1. What are the symptoms of heart attack?

The most prominent symptom of a heart attack is the tightness, heaviness or sharp pain in the chest. The pain can be unbearable and can spread from arms, jaws and neckline. Along with chest pain, the patient can feel anxious with abdominal upset such as nausea or in some cases vomiting as well. Other than that lightheadedness is also a sign of heart attack.

  1. Who is at a risk of experiencing a heart attack?

 People with high blood sugar and cholesterol levels are at greater risk of a heart attack. Other factors include obesity, hypertension or preeclampsia (women who are hypertensive during pregnancies are at greater risk of developing a cardiac disease), a family history of heart attacks where blood relatives have experience heart attacks, people with stress, people who do not take out time for exercise and patients of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

  1. What are the treatment options for a heart attack?

After a heart attack, the patient will undergo a number of tests such as ECG and some blood tests to determine if a patient experienced a heart attack or not. After it is established that the patient experienced a heart attack, blood thinning medicines such as aspirin and many other medications are prescribed before a surgical procedure such as an angioplasty.

If angioplasty is not enough, a cardiac bypass surgery may be required to normalize the blood flow to the heart through surgical patching of arteries above the narrowed down or damaged arteries.

  1. What are the preventive measures against heart attack?

Strict follow-up on medications is a preventive measure against a recurring heart attack. Lifestyle changes such as inclusion of low fat food and taking up exercise as a routine are some of the preventive measures against heart attack. These precautions can be taken by a cardiac patient or an otherwise healthy person who is at a risk of heart attack.

  1. Is heart attack fatal?

Only 10% of the heart attacks cause death. In case of a death with a heart attack, the condition is known as sudden cardiac arrest that doesn’t give enough time for CPR or any other procedure. 90% of the patients recover from a heart attack due to timely diagnosis and proper treatment after that.

Our heart is an essential organ that pumps blood throughout the human body through the circulatory system. It removes carbon dioxide and provides oxygen and nutrients to the body.

This small muscle that lies in the front and middle part of our chest, behind the left of our breastbone is rightly called the main or basic body part on which the whole body depends. But have you ever thought what if your heart stops working the way it does?

Well a number of heart problems are there which prevent the heart from doing its duty. Heart disease in fact is the main cause of deaths all over the world including the United States.

In this article we will briefly throw light on different aspects related to heart disease including:


What is Heart disease?

Heart disease often termed as cardiovascular disease refers to the medical condition where narrow or blocked blood vessels lead to chest pain, stroke or heart attack.

Most common heart diseases:

The “heart disease” covers a wide range of heart conditions that affects heart. Coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects or heart rhythm problems are classed under heart diseases.

Types of heart disease:

Most common types of cardiovascular disease include:

1-Atherosclerotic disease: Patients having atherosclerotic disease usually face chest pain, nausea, difficulty breathing or fatigue etc. This form can be diagnosed if detected earlier. You need to see a doctor to watch for cardiovascular symptoms.

2-Heart arrhythmias: Heart arrhythmias is associated with irregular or abnormal heartbeat.

3-Heart defects: Heart defects or defects one is born with are congenital defects. These defects are covered soon after birth and can be cured later in childhood if not life threatening.

4-Valvular heart disease: Our heart has four valves:

  • Aortic
  • Mitral
  • Pulmonary
  • Tricuspid

The valves open and close to direct the flow of blood through the heart. Valvular disease is caused by narrowing, leaking or improper closing or abnormal functioning of heart valves.


The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently covered that the basic cause of heart diseases is poverty and it has contributed a lot in increasing cardiovascular disease across the world.

Following causes can increase the risk of heart disease:

  • Decreased supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart.
  • Blood vessel problems also lead to heart disease.
  • Damage to any part of heart.
  • Excess use of alcohol.
  • Overweight or obesity.
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Poor & unhealthy diet
  • Diabetes
  • Low activity level


Common signs of heart diseases are as follows:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Aching in neck or shoulder
  • Low sex drive
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Sleeping problems
  • Puffy legs or feet
  • Mouth problems
  • Sore gums and jaws


If detected earlier heart diseases are easily curable. However it becomes almost impossible to treat cardiovascular disease if not given timely assistant or proper treatment.

If your health and life matters for you then you should see an expert health care taker when you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms.

Doctors may advise you to take safe precautionary measures that will most probably decrease the risk of heart attack or other fatal consequences.

Importance of Heart

Heart is a hollow organ that has perhaps the most important function in our body and that is to carry out blood to all the parts of the body and that is absolutely necessary for a person to live.

All in all we can say that Heart is that organ that helps us to live. It keeps us alive and kicking and without the pumping of heart, our body will just be a dead corpse.

Structure of Heart

The human heart consists of 4 Chambers.

2 Atria’s.

2 ventricles.

It also is made up of 4 valves as well and all of them carry out specific functions so that life is maintained and supported.

The human heart is safe inside a layer called pericardium and this layer gives stability to our pumping heart. It is located towards the left side of sternum and is quite a delicate organ and hence such security is given to it by nature.

Diseases of Heart

There are a lot of diseases of heart that can be due to several different reasons. Now, we will have a look at some of the most common heart diseases that are found  worldwide.

These diseases of the heart are also called cardiovascular diseases.

  1. Abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome.
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Heart muscle disease
  • Heart valve disease
  • Pericardial disease
  • Heart stroke

All of these diseases can result in death of the patient as even the slightest of a disease that is related to heart can simply prove fatal for the person and hence utmost care needs to be taken.

Some of the following things should be done to improve the health of your heart.

Precautionary Measures

  1.  Avoid fast food
  2. Avoid sugary drinks
  3. Avoid eating processed foods
  4. Do some cardio exercise daily
  5. Running and walking is also very important
  6. Keep visiting your cardiologist on regular basis
  7. Avoid smoking
  8. Avoid drinking
  9. Avoid taking too much stress
  10. Never push yourself beyond your physical limits

These things need to be taken care of to have a healthy heart and hence a healthy life in return.

There are a lot of recent techniques and technologies that help to even renew the life of the human heart and that surely is a great step in the history of human science and technology but still if we follow a healthy lifestyle then most of these problems can actually be avoided.

However, if God forbid you ever happen to suffer from these diseases, then all you need to do is to visit your cardiologist as early as possible and follow all of his advice and more likely than not you can start living a normal life pretty soon.