Sexually transmitted diseases are those viral, bacterial or parasitic diseases that usually occur due to sexual contact.

These diseases are transmitted by body fluids such as semen, vaginal discharge or blood.

Although most of the STDs transmit through oral, anal or vaginal intercourse, some can be transmitted through skin contact or blood transfusions that are carried in unsafe ways.

The people who are at greater risk of catching an STD are those who have multiple sex partners or their sex partners are involved with multiple other sex partners, those who do not practice safe sex and people who do not use new syringes for intravenous injectable.

In this article, we will discuss some of the most common STDs such as:

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a virus called human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus can be transferred through blood and other sexual fluids and can stay inactive even for years after entering a carrier’s body.

Though, once entered, it cannot be reversed or killed.

The HIV virus causes AIDS only if it enters the stage 3 of infection that usually doesn’t occur due to HIV medicines.

AIDS causes the immune system to deteriorate badly, so that opportunistic infections, infections that attack weak immune systems, occurs creating life threatening conditions.

  • Chlamydia: It is an STD caused by a bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis. It can only be transmitted either through sexual contact with an infected person or through an infected mother to the fetus.

If it gets diagnosed in the earlier stages, it can be cured by antibiotics. Late diagnosis can cause severe damage especially to the infected women.

It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and can make a woman infertile.

  • Genital herpes: Genital herpes is an STD that is transmitted through herpes simplex virus. This virus can also cause other types of herpes that are not sexually transmitted.

Genital herpes is characterized by itchy, red sores around the genitals or buttocks.

It can cause severe itching and burning sensation on the site of infection.

Herpes simplex virus can infect a person and stay inactive, but still gets transmitted through sexual contact.

The infection can be recurring several times during the year, causing the previous site of infection to give a burning sensation when a new infection occurs.

In women, genital herpes can cause pain while urinating. If left untreated, genital herpes can cause yeast infection.

  • Gonorrhea: It is an STD that is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea. Gonorrhea infects both men and women and it can infect organs such as eyes, male or female genitals, throat and anus.

Gonorrhea causes different symptoms in men and women. In men, frequent urination, a watery, frothy discharge from the penis, swelling of the tip of the penis and a sore throat that doesn’t go away are some of the common symptoms.

The symptoms in women include pain in urination, frequent urination, watery discharge, sore throat and fever.

Even if a patient is asymptomatic, he/she can transmit gonorrhea to their sex partner.

IMMUNE SYSTEM OF HUMAN BODY

There is a police force setup in our body by mother nature and the role of that police force is done by the immune system of our body and that helps to protect the body from the foreign particles that can cause diseases to the human body.

This immune system or the police system of our body helps to maintain our health and well-being and is solely responsible for saving us from a lot of diseases.

Have you ever imagined what our life would be without this immune system?

You never take that slight cough or flu seriously right? The reason is you know that your body’s immune system will fight with it and you will be totally fine sooner rather than later but imagine if your immune system doesn’t work anymore and you become susceptible to even the smallest of the diseases.

This is the case with HIV.

WHAT IS HIV?

HIV is an abbreviation of the world( Human immunodeficiency virus) and it just simply destroys those cells that help us to fight infections. However, this is one of those diseases that don’t actually directly kill the person but actually play the supporting role.

Reason is that Hiv just simply destroys the immune system of our body and we become vulnerable to all sorts of diseases from different viruses and bacteria and chances of our recovery are almost zero.

This means that if you somehow catch HIV, there is a great chance that your days in this world are quite a few and you don’t have much time to survive on this planet.

It is such a deadly viral disease and no cure of it has still been found by human beings.

If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

The human body can’t get rid of HIV and no effective HIV cure exists. So, once you have HIV, you have it for life.

HOW HIV TRANSMITS

  1. UN PROTECTED SEX ( sex without condoms)
  2. Using the same syringes.
  3. Blood transfusion
  4. Saliva transmission

However, if someone is  taking HIV medicine that helps to treat HIV and also stops transmitting it forward then those people with HIV can live long and healthy lives and prevent transmitting HIV to their sexual partners.

First identified in 1981, HIV is the cause of one of humanity’s deadliest and most persistent epidemics and no cure has still been found even in 2020.

AIDS

AIDS can simply be regarded as perhaps the last stage of HIV infection that occurs when the body’s immune system is badly damaged because of the virus. From here on there is absolutely no going back and death is right around the corner to to get the patient.

In the developed countries most people with HIV do not develop AIDS because taking HIV medicine every day as prescribed stops the progression of the disease.

However, in developing countries, especially the ones in Africa that are suffering from HIV inevitably catch AIDS as well and there is no going back from them.

So, one should always make sure to have safe sex and also use sterilized objects.