Among the many significant organs of the human body, one is the Liver. It is responsible for removing toxins from the body and helps with producing bile juices that are crucial in digestion. This protein factory of our body also breaks down nutrients to produce instant energy. In addition to all this, it helps in fighting against bacterial infections. It makes vitamin K that is the main component of the blood clotting mechanism.
Being the Centre of so many vital bodily functions, liver dysfunction can pose a severe health threat. This text will explain different liver diseases a human body can go through. Some of them are:
1) Hepatitis B:
Hepatitis B is a liver disease that is caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). It is a disease that can be prevented if an individual gets vaccinated against it.
The most prominent symptoms of Hepatitis B include nausea, stomach ache and jaundice. Many people get cured by using proper medication. In contrast, for some people, the illness turns into the worst phases such as liver cancer.
Hepatitis B gets transmitted through body fluids such as blood or semen. It can transfer as a result of sexual contact, from mother to baby or by sharing needles and syringes.
2) Fatty Liver Disease:
As the name indicates, this disease occurs when there’s an excessive fat deposit in the Liver. Fatty Liver Disease affects both alcoholics and non-alcoholics, so there are two types of this disease.
It can either be Alcoholic fatty liver disease or non-alcoholic fatty acid disease. Both of the diseases do not have clear symptoms. Still, the patient may experience pain on the right side of the abdomen and fatigue.
Obese, diabetics and people with high blood fat levels (triglycerides) are more prone to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
On the other hand, the sole reason for developing the alcoholic fatty liver disease is alcohol misuse.
Cirrhosis is the fibrosis of the Liver. It is not a primary disease, but other liver diseases when worsened can turn into cirrhosis. This disease occurs as a result of the Liver’s attempt to repair itself.
Diseases such as Hepatitis B, C and Fatty liver disease can turn into cirrhosis. When the Liver tries to overcome the damage by such diseases, it forms scar tissues. With time scar tissues keep increasing, making the Liver dysfunctional.
Cirrhosis if timely diagnosed, is not a life-threatening condition. Still, if the cause of cirrhosis doesn’t get addressed, it can cost the patient their life.
4) Liver Cancer:
As all other types of cancer, Liver cancer is also caused by the mutation of cells. The Liver cells start to grow disproportionately and end up forming a tumor.
The cause of Liver cancer is still not established. It can occur in people with other liver conditions, and many patients do not have any underlying health condition.
The symptoms include weight loss, nausea, abdominal swelling, loss of appetite and jaundice that leads to yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.