Psoriasis is a skin disease in which red patches with silver scales develop on different parts of the body. The usual sites of psoriasis include elbows, knees, scalp and lower back. It is not necessary that the patches grow in these areas only, but these areas are more commonly affected. Although the patches may appear as something contagious, they cannot transfer from one person to another.

In this article, we will cover the following topics about psoriasis:

  • What are the causes of psoriasis?
  • How many types of psoriasis are there?
  • Treatment options for psoriasis
  1. What are the causes of psoriasis?

Although researchers believe psoriasis to be an immune system disorder in which the skin cells multiply speedily as compared to normal skin cells, it is not obvious what exactly causes psoriasis.
There may be a number of environmental factors that can instigate psoriasis such as stress, substance abuse such as heavy drinking, extreme dry weather conditions, sunburn, a strep infection or sometimes an external injury to the skin.

  1. How many types of psoriasis are there?

Psoriasis can be of seven types:

  1. Plaque Psoriasis: It is the most common type of psoriasis that appears in the form of red patchy skins covered with silver scales on areas such as elbow, knees, scalp and lower back.
  2. Guttate Psoriasis: This is a rather uncommon type of psoriasis that affects children and young adults. It appears in the form of distributed pinkish red spots on the body parts such as the trunk, arms or thighs.
  3. Inverse Psoriasis: Common on areas of the skin such as underarms, under breasts, groin or the skin folds such as buttocks, this type of psoriasis is characterized by dark red, smooth skin patches that get really itchy when the patient sweats.
  4. Pustular psoriasis: Common in adults, this type of psoriasis is distinguished by puss filled small round bumps that are surrounded by skin. These pustules appear usually on the hands and feet, but a more distributed pustular psoriasis can be more serious than the one that is only limited to hands and feet.
  5. Erythrodermic psoriasis: Although uncommon, it is the type of psoriasis which is the most dangerous. Characterized by large patches of skin that appears as if it is burned, erythrodermic psoriasis can cause other serious conditions such as pneumonia and sometimes heart disease as well.
  6. Nail Psoriasis: As the name suggests, this type of psoriasis affects nails. The nails can get brittle with a chalk like material under them. The nails get detached from the skin and appear brownish yellow. Even though most people who experience psoriasis also experience nail changes, nail psoriasis usually occurs in the patients of psoriatic arthritis.
  7. Psoriatic Arthritis:

It is the type of psoriasis that occurs along with arthritis in a patient. The characteristic symptoms include swollen joints, fingers and toes.

  1. Treatment options for psoriasis:

Psoriasis can be treated with topical drugs and prescription medicine that usually include corticosteroids. The ointments or drugs based on steroids help reduce the inflammation and the speedy multiplication of skin cells.

Skin care refers to all the practices of maintaining the skin. It encompasses cosmetic and natural skin protection regimes that help maintain the health and natural state of the skin. The solutions can only be restricted to the epidermis (the upper layer of the skin) or people may carry forward to special diets that help nurture the skin.

In this article we will discuss the following topics about skin care:

  • Goals of an appropriate skin care routine
  • Basics of skin care routines
  • What you should aim for while taking up a skin care routine?
  • Natural products that help in skin maintenance
  • Goals of an appropriate skin care routine:

The basic goals of an appropriate skin care routine include:

  1. Curing the already damaged skin cells
  2. Hydrating and maintaining the PH balance of the skin.
  3. Prevention against future damage from environmental stimulants.
  • Basics of skin care routines:

The basics of any skin care routine include:

  1. Cleansing the skin-Cleansing the skin with suitable products is the first step of any skin care routine.
  2. Toning the skin- A skin toner takes out dirt from the skin, so it is usually an essential part of a good skin care routine
  3. Exfoliation- Exfoliation is not something you should perform daily, but if done twice a week, it helps remove the dead skin cells and give a natural glow to the skin.
  4. Moisturization- It is the last and the most important part of any skin care routine. After following the above three steps, you lock in all of the effects by moisturizing your skin with a suitable product.
  • What you should aim for while taking up a skin care routine?

Skin problems can come in many forms. For some, they only mean a darker skin tone while for others, freckles may be a thing of concern. There are varied types of skin-related issues such as acne, effects of aging on the skin, damage caused by sun or other environmental problems and skin allergies.

No matter what kind of skin problem you’re facing, the only thing you need to target while taking up a skincare routine is ‘consistency’.
For any skin problem ranging from general to medical nature, you need to be consistent with the routine or the prescribed treatments.

The other thing you need to target is the complete elimination of the problem you are facing. This as well, depends on the consistency and dedication you show towards treating the problem.

  • Natural products that help in skin maintenance:

Many naturally present things can prove beneficial for maintaining a healthy skin. Some of them are:

  1. Lemon- Lemon is a natural bleaching agent that helps reduce dark spots and acne marks.
  2. Aloe vera- Aloe vera is widely used as a natural skin coolant. It helps in curing the sunburns, and is effective against acne.
  3. Honey- Honey is another naturally occurring substance that has antiseptic qualities. It is considered beneficial for controlling oil on the skin.
  4. Essential oils- Use of different essential oils on the skin gives remarkable results due to their antibacterial and antiseptic properties.

Introduction:

Acne is the common cause of spots. Most people with acne are aged between 12 and 25, but some older and younger people are affected. Boys are more commonly affected than girls. Acne usually affects the face but may also affect the back, neck, and chest. The severity can range from mild to severe. About 9 in 10 teenagers develop some degree of acne. Often it is mild. However, it is estimated that about 3 in 10 teenagers have acne bad enough to need treatment to prevent scarring. Untreated acne usually lasts about 4-5 years before settling. However, it can last for many years in some cases.

Process of Acne

P. acnes is the bacterium responsible for inflamed acne breakouts. P. acnes are regular residents within the hair follicle. Normally, they are harmless. However, in acne prone skin the P. acnes population grows out of control. When a come do (the obstruction of pore is called a come do) blocks the pore opening, it creates an anaerobic environment, or a lack of oxygen within the follicle. This anaerobic environment, along with excess sebum within the pore, creates a favorable environment where P. acnes bacteria can thrive. As the follicle becomes filled with sebum, dead cells, and bacteria, it begins to swell. The follicle wall ruptures and spills into the dermis. White blood cells rush in to fight the bacteria. Redness and swelling occurs, and pus is created.

Types of Acne

1. MILD ACNE

Whiteheads and blackheads are created when the openings of hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions, dead skin cells and sometimes bacteria. When come done are open at the skin surface, they’re called blackheads because of the dark appearance. When come done are closed, they’re called whiteheads — slightly raised, skin-colored bumps.

2. Moderate and Severe Acne

Papules are small raised bumps that signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles. Papules may be red and tender.

Pustules (pimples) are red, tender bumps with white pus at their tips.

Nodules are large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. They’re formed by the build-up of secretions deep within hair follicles.

Cysts are painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin. These boil-like infections can cause scars.

How to take care of Acne

  1. Do not wash affected areas of skin more than twice a day. Frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse.
  2. Wash the affected area with a mild soap or cleanser and lukewarm water. Very hot or cold water can make acne worse.
  3. Don’t try to “clean out” blackheads or squeeze spots. This can make them worse and cause permanent scarring.

Avoid using too much make-up and cosmetics. Use water-based products that are described as non-come do genic (this means the product is less likely to block the pores in your skin).

IMPORTANCE OF SKIN

The skin covers the external surface of the body and is the largest organ of the body in both surface area and weight. In adults, the skin covers an area of about 2 square meters and weighs 4.5–5 kg that is about 16% of total body weight.

However, the skin consists of two main parts. The superficial, thinner portion, which is composed of epithelial tissue, is the epidermis. The deeper, thicker connective tissue portion is the dermis. Deep to the dermis, but not part of the skin, is the subcutaneous layer. Also called the hypodermis (hypo-below), this layer mainly consists of adipose tissues. The subcutaneous layer serves as a storage depot for fat and contains large blood vessels that are sensitive to pressure.

The skin performs several important functions in our body and hence it can surely be regarded as one of the most important organs of the human body.

However, just like any other organ of our body, skin is also quite exposed to suffer from several different diseases and now we will try to have a look at some of these diseases of skin.

DISEASES:

  1. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
  2. DERMATITIS
  3. HERPES ZOSTER
  4. HERPES SIMPLEX
  5. ACNE
  6. INFLAMMATION ON SKIN
  7. TOO MUCH OILY SKIN
  8. SENSITIVE SKIN

These are few very common diseases that happen to human skin and hence it can really prove very hard for the person who is suffering from them to maintain a normal life style without medications and usage of different creams and lotions or even serums.

However, all of this can be avoided if we take proper care of our skin and that can be done by following some of the following things.

IMPORTANT THINGS REGARDING SKIN CARE

  • ALWAYS TRY TO KEEP A HEALTHY DIET.
  • TRY TO STAY HYDRATED AND DO NOT COMPROMISE WITH THE INTAKE OF WATER.
  • DO NOT USE TOO MUCH COSMETIC STUFF.
  • ALWAYS WASH THE DUST OFF YOUR FACE AND NEVER ALLOW IT TO SETTLE ON YOUR SKIN.
  • STAY IN TOUCH WITH YOUR DERMATOLOGIST AND CONTACT HIM WHENEVER YOU ARE HAVING AN ISSUE WITH YOUR SKIN.
  • DON’T BE A SELF DOCTOR AND TRY THOSE HOME REMEDIES WITHOUT CONSULTING WITH THE DOCTOR.
  • DO USE A HEALTHY SKIN CARE ROUTINE.

Skin is one of the superficial organs of our body, it means that we are able to see it and that means that if there is some issue with the skin of a person then it is going to be visible to everyone and hence it becomes very important to take proper care of your skin as it will give your personality a totally different charm and look if you have a nice and clear skin.

We hope and wish that this article will help you attain some basic knowledge about skin diseases and how you can cope with them by taking proper care of your skin and not having to worry at all about those issues then.

Happy clear and glowing skin ahead.