Heart attack that is known as Myocardial Infarction in medical terms is the blockade of blood flow to a certain part of heart. The blood flow gets disturbed due to the accumulation of fats or cholesterol known as plaque in the cardiac blood vessels. The heart attack may cause permanent damage to the cardiac muscles and in some cases, it causes death.

In this article, we will answer the following questions about heart attack:

  • What are the symptoms of heart attack?
  • Who is at a risk of experiencing a heart attack?
  • What are the treatment options for a heart attack?
  • What are the preventive measures against heart attack?
  • Is heart attack fatal?
  1. What are the symptoms of heart attack?

The most prominent symptom of a heart attack is the tightness, heaviness or sharp pain in the chest. The pain can be unbearable and can spread from arms, jaws and neckline. Along with chest pain, the patient can feel anxious with abdominal upset such as nausea or in some cases vomiting as well. Other than that lightheadedness is also a sign of heart attack.

  1. Who is at a risk of experiencing a heart attack?

 People with high blood sugar and cholesterol levels are at greater risk of a heart attack. Other factors include obesity, hypertension or preeclampsia (women who are hypertensive during pregnancies are at greater risk of developing a cardiac disease), a family history of heart attacks where blood relatives have experience heart attacks, people with stress, people who do not take out time for exercise and patients of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

  1. What are the treatment options for a heart attack?

After a heart attack, the patient will undergo a number of tests such as ECG and some blood tests to determine if a patient experienced a heart attack or not. After it is established that the patient experienced a heart attack, blood thinning medicines such as aspirin and many other medications are prescribed before a surgical procedure such as an angioplasty.

If angioplasty is not enough, a cardiac bypass surgery may be required to normalize the blood flow to the heart through surgical patching of arteries above the narrowed down or damaged arteries.

  1. What are the preventive measures against heart attack?

Strict follow-up on medications is a preventive measure against a recurring heart attack. Lifestyle changes such as inclusion of low fat food and taking up exercise as a routine are some of the preventive measures against heart attack. These precautions can be taken by a cardiac patient or an otherwise healthy person who is at a risk of heart attack.

  1. Is heart attack fatal?

Only 10% of the heart attacks cause death. In case of a death with a heart attack, the condition is known as sudden cardiac arrest that doesn’t give enough time for CPR or any other procedure. 90% of the patients recover from a heart attack due to timely diagnosis and proper treatment after that.