Heart transplant is a surgical replacement of a non-functioning heart with a healthy donor heart. It is the last option for the patients of coronary diseases for whom all other options have failed.

It is a major surgery that is suitable only in severe cases.


This article will answer the following questions about a heart transplant:

  • Who is most likely to have a heart transplant?
  • Who should not consider heart transplant as a treatment option?
  • Is heart transplant a safe procedure?
  • What is the success rate of heart transplant surgery?
  • What are the precautions after a heart transplant surgery?
  1. Who is most likely to have a heart transplant?

Heart transplant is the last treatment option for people with coronary diseases. When every other option fails to treat the patient, and the life expectancy lowers down to a year or two, only then a heart transplant is suggested.

The people who can have a heart transplant include those whose heart is on the verge of complete failure due to conditions such as Congenital heart disease which is a heart disease that is present from the time of birth of a child, Cardiomyopathy  a condition in which the heart muscles are weakened or damaged to an extent that they do not pump blood properly, congestive heart failure a condition in which the heart is unable to pump oxygenated blood to the body tissues, coronary artery disease which involves the shrinking of the arteries of the heart and valvular disease in which the valves of the heart dysfunction, makin the heart work harder.

  1. Who should not consider heart transplant as a treatment option?

Heart transplant is not a good option for people over 65 years of age. Other limitations for a heart transplant candidate include severe organ diseases that need rigorous treatment options, cancer survivors, people who are dealing with infections, and those people who cannot comply with a rigorous medicinal regime after the transplant.

  1. Is heart transplant a safe procedure?

Heart transplant is a very risky procedure that is only opted for extreme conditions. The risks of a heart transplant include bleeding or blood clotting in the organ that can lead to heart attack, severe infections after the procedure and the top most on the list is rejection of the donor heart by the receiver’s body that can lead to death.

  1. What is the success rate of heart transplant surgery?

The survival rate for heart transplant surgery is increasing with improvements in medications that can manage a rejection of the donor heart. The survival rate after a year of heart transplant surgery is almost 88% of the total surgeries.
The limitation with donor organs is their failure mostly after some years of successful survival.

  1. What are the precautions after a heart transplant surgery?

The first 8-12 weeks after a heart transplant surgery are critical. The incision can get infections so being regular on the medicines is very necessary. Other than that, the incision requires no stress, so there must be no heavy object lifting or any other strenuous activity after the heart transplant surgery.

A healthy lifestyle is a must that includes a healthy diet and suitable exercises after a heart transplant surgery.