Ibuprofen is an over the counter pain killer that works against several aches such as headache, dysmenorrhea (period’s cramps) and toothache. It is also effective against inflammation that occurs in case of an injury or to alleviate arthritis pain.

Uses:

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is effective against pain and inflammation.

It restricts the production of some naturally occurring inflammatory substances in the human body thus, reduces pain.

It is effective against body aches such as back pain, ache caused by a minor injury, mild symptoms of cold and flu and fever.

Dosage:

The usual adult dosage of Ibuprofen depends on the condition for which it is prescribed.

We will see the condition wise dosage of Ibuprofen for adults.

For arthritis pain:

Doctors suggest Ibuprofen to both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients. However, the daily dosages differ in both the conditions.

The maximum daily dosage of over the counter Ibuprofen for osteoarthritis patients  is 1200 mg/day.

The doses are divided into three times a day.

For the prescription Ibuprofen, the maximum adult dosage for rheumatoid arthritis is 3200 mg/day.

The dose interval can be between 6 to 8 hours.

For fever:

For fever, the adult dosage ranges from 400 mg/day to 1200 mg/day depending on the severity of fever.

The doses are divided into three times a day with an interval of 4-6 hours per day.

For Pain relief:

For usual pain relief, an adult can take upto 400 mg of Ibuprofen, divided thrice a day.

The maximum dosage of prescription Ibuprofen for pain relief is 3200 mg/day.

For children, follow the doctor’s instructions.

Side Effects:

The common side effects of Ibuprofen include dizziness, nausea, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea.

Blurred vision, drowsiness or disturbed sleep, extreme thirst and headache are some other common side effects of Ibuprofen.

The uncommon and severe side effects include stomach bleeding.

Long term use of Ibuprofen damages the kidneys and increases the risk of heart attack.

You may encounter unexpected side effects if you take Ibuprofen with alcohol.

Precautions:

  • Ibuprofen is not recommended for patients with heart problems. It can lead to heart attack.
  • There’s no clinical evidence for its secretion in the breast milk, so it’s better to avoid while breastfeeding
  • Do not take Ibuprofen for longer than prescribed or more than the prescribed quantity.
  • In case of an overdose look for symptoms such as tarry stool, bloody vomit and feeling of disorientation and go for an immediate checkup.
  • Ibuprofen can cause allergic reactions to some people such as rash or an abnormal swelling of the face; in any such case, rush to the ER.
  • It can negatively interact with a number of medicines, so please inform your doctor about any treatment you’re on if he prescribes Ibuprofen.
  • If your doctor has prescribed you for arthritis, do not skip the doses in case of no results; it can take up to two weeks to alleviate severe arthritis pain.
  • You can take Ibuprofen with milk or juice if it irritates your stomach.