Vitamins-short form of vital amines is essential nutrients that work to regulate different functions in the body.
Unlike the macro nutrients, they are required in small amounts usually coming from dietary sources.
Vitamins are either not produced in the human body or if produced, they are not produced in enough quantities.
A dietary supplement is a must in case of meeting the minimum daily requirement of vitamins.
Different vitamins play different roles in the human body. In this article, we intend to answer questions regarding the roles and sources of different vitamins, so here is the outline:
- What is the role of vitamin A and what are its sources?
- Why is vitamin B important for the human body?
- What purpose does vitamin C serve and what are its sources?
- What is the primary function of vitamin D in our bodies and how to obtain it?
- How important is vitamin K for blood clotting?
What is the role of vitamin A and what are its sources?
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble micronutrient essential for vision, maintenance of soft tissues, mucus membranes, teeth and skin.
The retinal pigmentation depends on vitamin A.
It helps maintain the immune system.
It can be obtained from animal sources such as dairy products including butter, cream and cheese.
The vegetable sources for vitamin A include dark green or dark orange vegetables such as spinach, kale, cantaloupes, carrots and squash.
Why is vitamin B important for the human body?
Vitamin B includes a number of water-soluble vitamins that are essential for body functions such as maintenance of brain function; energy level and cell structure specially red blood cells.
Different varieties of this group of vitamins work differently. In expectant mothers, it prevents birth defects while in men, it is essential for maintaining testosterone level.
What purpose does vitamin C serve and what are its sources?
Vitamin is also a water-soluble vitamin that our body doesn’t produce. The main purpose it serves is of maintaining cell health, bones and cartilage, blood vessels and healthy skin.
Vitamin C usually comes from plant sources such as kale, mustard greens, broccoli, green chili peppers, sweet yellow peppers, plums, kiwis, cherries, black currants and strawberries.
What is the primary function of vitamin D in our bodies and how to obtain it?
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for maintaining bone health. It prevents the bones against fractures and osteoporosis. It has two basic types: vitamin B1 and vitamin B2.
The production of this vitamin is triggered in the body when areas such as the back of the neck and ankles are exposed to the morning sunshine.
How important is vitamin K for blood clotting?
Vitamin K does not directly cause blood clotting, but it is an essential factor in the coagulation of blood.
It works with the calcium ions to aid the process of blood clotting.
Lack of vitamin K can result in severe impairment of clot formation in the body.
Other than that, deficiency of vitamin K can lead to arterial calcification.