Liver transplant is the surgical replacement of a failing liver with a healthy donor liver. This surgery is performed when there is no other option left for a failing liver. The liver transplant or hepatic transplant is mostly performed on patients with an acute hepatic failure.

The upcoming text will answer the following questions about liver transplant:

  • Who is eligible for a liver transplant?
  • Who is not eligible for a liver transplant?
  • Can a part of the liver be transplanted?
  • Can a living donor donate his liver?
  • What is the survival rate after a liver transplant?
  • What are the precautionary measures after a liver transplant?
  1. Who is eligible for a liver transplant?

Patients with a failing liver due to a disease are eligible for a liver transplant. The most common cause is end stage chronic liver disease which cannot be treated with another option. Other diseases that qualifies a patient for a liver transplant include cirrhosis which is the scarring of the liver tissues till the level of complete liver damage, infectious hepatic diseases such as hepatitis B and C, acute hepatic necrosis that involves the destruction of hepatic cells, autoimmune hepatitis in which the immune system starts destroying the liver cells, biliary atresia which is a liver and bile ducts that occurs in newborns and some other diseases.

  1. Who is not eligible for a liver transplant?

Patients who are not leaving alcohol abuse disqualify for a liver transplant. Patients who have other medical complications such as cancers of any other part of the body, are also not eligible for a liver transplant. Patients above 70 years of age are usually not eligible for a liver transplant.

  1. Can a part of the liver be transplanted?

Yes, a part as small as 25% of the liver in case of a kid as a patient and upto 60% in case of an adult surgery can be used for a liver transplant.

  1. Can a living donor donate his liver?

Yes, a living donor can donate a part of his liver because among major human organs, the liver is the only organ that regenerates. It grows again in some months, so many living donors donate parts of their liver if the patient matches the criteria. However, there may be a preparatory phase before a liver transplant surgery that will restrict the donor from certain medications, substances such as alcohol and smoking, and preparatory blood work.

  1. What is the survival rate after a liver transplant?

About 75% of the patients who undergo a liver transplant surgery complete five years in the world after their surgery. The survival rate after one year of surgery is 89%. Rest of the time, a liver transplant may not work or the disease for which a liver transplant was performed, relapses.

  1. What are the precautionary measures after a liver transplant?

Strict dietary measures are a part of the after care of liver transplant. Blood sugar level should be maintained by using less carbohydrates and more proteins. Tap water is not suitable after a liver transplant because it can cause infectious diseases. Alcohol, smoking and any kind of substance abuse should be avoided at all costs for a better recovery.