If you are here to get into the term thalassemia then you are at the right place as this article is particularly about thalassemia and we will surely try to throw light on basic aspects of the condition.

Particulars or prominent aspects about thalassemia are discussed below.

What is thalassemia?

A genetic disorder caused because of irregular or abnormal hemoglobin levels in the blood and body is called thalassemia.

Types of thalassemia:

There are two basic types of thalassemia as mentioned below:

  • Alpha thalassemia
  • Beta thalassemia

Alpha thalassemia:

Alpha thalassemia is a blood condition or disorder where the body reduces forming new red cells or enough amount of alpha globin, a component of hemoglobin, which is an essential part of red blood cells and carries oxygen from lungs to all body tissues. Alpha thalassemia is a serious blood disorder that can lead to drastic results especially when untreated.

Beta thalassemia:

Beta thalassemia on the other hand reduces the development of iron containing protein in blood called hemoglobin which is responsible for carrying oxygen to different body parts. The condition is inherited and caused by mutations in the HBB gene.

Is thalassemia the same as anemia?

Thalassemia and anemia are closely related conditions because if you are suffering from thalassemia there are chances that you will get anemia too especially when you leave thalassemia untreated.

Thalassemia is the abnormality of hemoglobin in blood while anemia is the lack of red blood cells in the body.

Causes of thalassemia:

Thalassemia is a genetic disorder that one inherits from one’s parents and the condition (excessive destruction of cells) further leads one to another condition or blood disorder named anemia.

It usually occurs due to an abnormality in the HBB gene. If you have thalassemia it is certain that one of your parents must have this disorder. In case if both of your parents are suffering from thalassemia you are more likely to get prey to the more severe form of the disease.

Not any particular region or country of the world faces this condition in fact this disease is common in all countries of Asia, East and Europe.


Common symptoms of thalassemia may include:

  • Abdominal swelling
  • Yellowish or dull skin
  • Dark urine
  • Slow growth or development of different body parts due to lack of hemoglobin.
  • Facial bone misshapenness
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Mood swings
  • Abnormal form of hemoglobin


A number of healthy treatments are available against thalassemia through which it can easily be treated. Though the condition can be treated but results and consequences may vary from person to person. Treatment procedures can be serious and risky sometimes.

Here are different well-known and beneficial treatment procedures for treating thalassemia:

  1. Stem cell transplant
  2. Blood transfusion
  3. Chelation therapy

Stem cell transplant is regarded as the best treatment for thalassemia. In this process dead weaker cells are replaced with healthy ones (taken from another healthy person as donor). It’s the best trusted procedure to cure thalassemia.

Frequent blood transfusion may be helpful in severe forms of thalassemia. And chelation therapy is the process of removing excess iron cells from blood.