Height phobia medically known as acrophobia is the fear of high places. It is a very common condition where a person with acrophobia feels anxious when on a tall building. Being in incredibly high spaces, it is common to feel a bit of uneasiness, but someone who has acrophobia, gets panic attacks on a skyscraper. This is not a usual response for someone who doesn’t have acrophobia.

This article will cover the following topics about acrophobia:

  • What are the symptoms of acrophobia?
  • What are the causes of acrophobia?
  • What triggers acrophobia?
  • Treatment of acrophobia
  • How to prevent acrophobia?
  1. What are the symptoms of acrophobia?

Someone with acrophobia will always avoid going to heights. If they are bound to do so, they will show the following symptoms:

  • They will sweat and will be nervous.
  • They can experience chest pain, dizziness or difficulty in breathing.
  • Nausea is another symptom they show if at a high place.
  • They avoid going to high places.
  • They will not talk about a high place.
  • Only the thought of height can make them have a panic attack.
  1. What are the causes of acrophobia?

Acrophobia has no definite causes. However, the people who have acrophobia may have a genetic history of it or they acquire the behavior after a traumatic event related to heights.

If someone has fallen off from height, they may develop acrophobia or if they have seen someone falling, it can also inculcate negative emotion for heights.

In some cases, the fear of height develops due to observing people with acrophobia in early childhood. Such children adopt acrophobia because they think it normal to be afraid of heights.

  1. What triggers acrophobia?

The triggers can be different for everyone. Some people may show extreme fear to heights such as being afraid of climbing up a work-bench as well. In people who show mild acrophobia, going to a high place is the only trigger to feel distressed.

Some people may get triggered only if they listen to discussions about height.

  1. Treatment of acrophobia:

Since it is a psychological disorder, the treatment options include psychological therapies such as cognitive behavior therapy. The patient is exposed to the triggers of the phobia to get intact against it.
The exposure technique may be of a flooding nature where all the triggers are combined offered for long periods, causing the significance of triggers to lower down in the patient’s mind.
The other way to expose a patient to trigger is gradually exposing the patient to triggers and show lowering down their fear with continuous counseling.
Another way is to adopt meditation techniques such as yoga, and other relaxation approaches.

In extreme cases, a practitioner may prescribe a medicine to avoid acrophobia, but this is not a usual approach to treat the phobia.
 

  1. How to prevent acrophobia?

The first prevention technique that any patient adopts is to avoid going to heights. However, this is only avoiding a situation and not preventing it from happening. The ways to overcome anxiety on going to heights include the preparation of one’s mind not to get triggered. Muscle relaxation approaches such as yoga and breathing exercises can help a patient overcome the fear.