Alzheimer’s disease (AD) also simply called Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disorder that starts slowly and gradually worsens with time. It destroys thinking skills, memory, and even the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. According to research, it is caused by 70 – 80% of cases of dementia.
In1906, some changes in a woman were noticed by Dr. Alois Alzheimer (Alzheimer’s disease was named after him) who had died of an unusual mental disease. According to him, her symptoms included language problems, unpredictable behavior, and also memory loss. After her death, her mind was examined by the doctor and he found many abnormal clumps and tangled bundles of fibers.
In this article, we will discuss the following things regarding Alzheimer’s disease.
- What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease? When and why does Alzheimer’s disease happen?
- What is the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease?
- How long can an individual with Alzheimer’s disease live?
What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?
The most common symptom an Alzheimer’s patient faces is difficulty in remembering recent events. The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can include disorientation, problems with language, loss of motivation, behavioral issues, mood swings, and not managing self-care. People with Alzheimer’s disease could find everything difficult like driving the car, paying the bill, or paying attention to something. They may ask the same question again and again and with time, people with Alzheimer’s disease become violent, angry, and worried.
When and why does Alzheimer’s disease happen?
Damage occurring in the brain of someone having Alzheimer’s disease starts to show itself in early clinical signs and symptoms. To some people, it can begin in their mid-60s and to some people, it can begin in between their 30s and mid-60s.
The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is still not understood. Researchers say that 70% of the risk is believed to be inherited by parents, with many genes usually involved. Other than that the other risk factors include depression, hypertension, and head injuries.
What is the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease?
For a definite diagnosis, an examination of brain cells is needed. No treatment can completely cure Alzheimer’s disease, though some may temporarily improve symptoms. Mental and physical exercises may be beneficial concerning daily living and may improve results but there are no medications or supplements to treat Alzheimer’s disease.
How long can an individual with Alzheimer’s disease live?
The sixth-ranked leading cause of death in the United States of America is Alzheimer’s’ disease but the recent estimate shows the disease may rank third, just behind cancer and heart attack as a cause of death. As the conditions of people with Alzheimer’s disease decline, they often draw themselves away from family and society. With time, functions of the body are lost, which ultimately leads to death. The speed at which Alzheimer’s disease progresses varies. On average, people with Alzheimer’s disease can live up to four to eight years after diagnosis, but depending on the factors, can live as long as 20 years.