Cancer is one of the severest diseases and there is no cure for it but many treatments are given to cancer patients that may help in curing them but the results are not always satisfactory. Many patients suffering from cancer die even after treatment and a number of treated ones die because of some other cause.

A number of therapies are being tried as a treatment against cancer and researchers are still in a constant struggle to find out the best possible cure for this deadly disease.

Well this article will throw light on different aspects of this fatal disease like how one catches cancer, what are different types of cancer and which measures can prove helpful against it.

CANCER AND ITS CAUSES:

Cancer is the name of a collection of diseases or health issues which may include abnormal cell growth that spreads in the body or benign tumors that don’t spread. According to a recent research cancer is causing almost 8.8 million deaths every year across the world.

A great cause of cancer is the use of tobacco and there are so many other causes too such as poor diet, lack of physical activities, overweight and excessive use of drinking or alcohol.

There are certain diseases which get worse and later cause cancer. Those diseases may involve hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV and Epstein-Barr virus. Moreover genetic defects can also cause cancer.

SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms of cancer may involve:

  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Unexplained pain
  • Lumps in different body parts
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Long lasting cough
  • Skin problems
  • Unending fatigue
  • Sores or wounds that won’t heal.
  • Heavy night sweats
  • Hoarseness
  • Breathing troubles
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Joint pain
  • Muscles ache
  • Changes in bladder habits

TREATMENTS FOR CANCER:

There is no proper cure or medication for cancer but there are a number of treatments that are being tried on cancer patients in their recovery against this deadly disease. Some people only go through one treatment and mostly patients have a combination of treatments. Let’s here list out basic cancer treatments:

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Chemotherapy

Surgery: Basic purpose of surgery is to remove cancer. It may remove cancer completely or kill all cancer cells from the body. In a particular stage it’s not possible to remove cancer completely so surgery removes cancer slowly as much as possible.

Radiation therapy: The use of high powerful energy beams to kill cancer is called radiation therapy. In this process cancer may be removed or killed through a machine placed outside the body or it also can be placed inside the body.

Chemotherapy: The use of medication or drugs to kill or remove cancer is called chemotherapy. In this process, fast growing cells in the body are killed and as a result the growth of cancer cells becomes slow. This treatment may carry side effects like burning, headaches and stomach pain.

Precautionary measures:

  1. Risk of cancer can be reduced by quitting smoking.
  2. Don’t drink too much alcohol to avoid risk of this deadly disease.
  3. Maintain healthy weight.
  4. Eat a healthy diet like plenty of vegetables, grains and fruits.
  5. Get diagnosed against certain infectious diseases.
  6. Avoid exposure to sunlight.