Herpes is an infection caused by two types of the Herpes simplex virus (HSV). The infected areas show small red bumps in clustered form. Herpes usually appears around the mouth and genital areas. HSV 1 is the type of herpes that affects the mouth, and HSV 2 is a sexually transmitted disease that affects the genitals.

In this article, we will see the following topics about herpes:

  • What are the symptoms of herpes?
  • What are the causes of herpes?
  • Does herpes keep recurring?
  • What are the treatment options for Herpes?
  • How to prevent herpes from spreading?
  1. What are the symptoms of herpes?

Both types of herpes show symptoms such as red or white blisters. In oral herpes, these blisters known as cold sores are painful bumps that appear around the lips or affect the oral cavity such as the tongue and gums. They usually appear as a result of getting in contact with someone infected with HSV.

The genital herpes appear as red or white painful blisters around the genitals. Both men and women can experience different sites of infection. Men may get the infection around the groin or urethra. Women can get blisters around or inside the genital area as deep as the cervix.

  1. What are the causes of herpes?

As stated in the introduction, herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus. It is a contagious disease that affects other people who get in close physical contact with an infected person.
In most of the cases, the physical contact is of sexual nature such as having oral sex or kissing a person with herpes can cause oral herpes. The genital herpes transfers from unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person.

  1. Does herpes keep recurring?

Someone who gets infected with herpes can never be fully intact against the disease. The virus infects the individual many times in his/her lifetime. Usually, the first outbreaks are the most painful.
The recurring infections generally lose intensity with time, and sometimes, a dormant HSV can stay in the body without causing any symptoms.

  1. What are the treatment options for Herpes?

Once HSV enters your body, there’s no way to kill it completely. The infections are cured with topical treatments and antiviral medications, but the virus usually stays in the body. A way to stop the disease from transmission is to use daily suppressive therapy in which the patient uses a daily antiviral medicine.

Even though the disease is widespread and very painful, there are no preventive vaccines available for both the types of infections.

  1. How to prevent herpes from spreading?

Since there is no permanent cure for the disease, the only option is to apply preventive measures against it. To prevent any sexually transmitted disease, use of protections such as condoms is the best solution. Other than that, avoiding engaging with too many sexual partners also helps

For women, practices such as vaginal irrigation can cause herpes, so avoiding it can prevent against the disease.
Other than that, it is always a better option to get tested for sexually transmitted diseases to know if you carry one.